UC END Releases
April, 2003

DISCLAIMER: PLEASE note! This is a legitimate email we personally received. We have deleted information regarding the author so as not to flood him with inquiries. They are all from the Department of Animal Science, University of California. The UC Poultry Website is http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu.avian/

UC END Releases - Main Page
To: "UC List for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) Releases"

Sent: Friday, April 25, 2003 5:41 PM
Subject: END Update

Good news. There are still no new commercial farms infected and the numbers of new infected small flocks has dropped. The DNA from the Texas isolate was very similar to the virus in California but enough different so that it appears not to be from California. Speculation is that it was probably introduced from Mexico. A suspect case in Oklahoma is under investigation. A preliminary test for END was negative but virus isolation results are still pending.

Department of Animal Science
University of California
Davis CA 95616
UC Poultry Website: http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu/avian/

To: "UC List for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) Releases"
Sent: Monday, April 14, 2003 3:00 PM
Subject: END Material Posted

We have just posted a Powerpoint presentation on Biosecurity for Pet Birds. This was prepared by Dr. C. Gabriel Senties Cue, CAHFS, Fresno Branch, UC Davis. Some of you may have seen it presented at public meetings. It has nice graphics and color photos. To view this go to:
and open #7 on the Exotic Newcastle List of publications.

UC Poultry Website: http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu/avian/

(Note that this is 11.6 megs in size. If you do not have Power Point, you can get a free viewer at: Microsoft).

To: "UC List for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) Releases"
Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2003 11:19 AM
Subject: END Area Map

This map is different than any I have seen before.

Click Map to Enlarge

UC Poultry Website: http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu/avian/

To: "UC List for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) Releases"
Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2003 11:19 AM
Subject: END Update - END in Texas

Exotic Newcastle Disease has been confirmed in backyard fowl near El Paso Texas. The viral strain is similar to the CA/AZ/NV strain and further sequencing is expected next week.

The infected flock contained approximately 164 backyard fowl. The premises, which is under state quarantine, has been depopulated. Depopulation of adjacent and dangerous contact sites has begun and will be completed promptly.

The affected premises is approximately 15 miles from New Mexico (where cock fighting is legal). Surveillance activities are taking place in New Mexico as well.

There are no commercial premises in Texas within 100 miles, and one small commercial (layer, approx 30-50,000 birds) operation about 15 miles away in New Mexico. The owner of this premises has been contacted about surveillance and increased biosecurity.

APHIS is proceeding with a declaration of extraordinary emergency and the establishment of a federal quarantine for the Texas counties of El Paso and Hudspeth, and the New Mexico counties of Luna, Dona Ana and Otero. An Incident Command Post is being established in El Paso, Texas, for task force activities in TX and NM.

Due to the efficacy of VS' national surveillance program, we believe this focus of infection was found quickly, and eradication efforts should be successful.

Efforts to control END in CA/AZ and NV are proceeding. No new positive cases have been identified in AZ and NV, and sentinel birds display no symptoms. VS is planning to concentrate efforts on the locus of infection in backyard flocks in Southern California.

UC Poultry Website: http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu/avian/

To: UC List for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) Releases
Sent: Monday, April 07, 2003 4:59 PM
Subject: END Update

Last week there were no new cases of END in commercial flocks in the Quarantine Area.

It appears that there were fewer new cases in small flocks during the last 7 days. One suspect case has been found in a small flock in southern Texas. A Central California incident Command has been established with an office in Modesto and surveillance has started for any possible infection in northern areas.

All bird owners are requested to monitor their birds closely and report any unusual health problems to the Task Force at 800-491-1899. There is no charge for laboratory work when END is suspected. When birds must be depopulated the owners are fairly compensated based on the value of the birds. Bird owners are encouraged to protect the health of their birds by avoiding unnecessary contact with other birds.

Updates are available on-line
at: http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm

This is a useful USDA site for END information: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/enc/exoticnc.html

UC Poultry Website: http://animalscience.ucdavis.edu/avian/

UC END Releases - Main Page

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