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Archive Number 20021101.5689
Published Date 01-NOV-2002
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME BIRDS - USA (CALIFORNIA) (05)
***********************************************
A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 1 Nov 2002
From: Thomas E Walton <thomas.e.walton@usda.og>
Source: Official release [edited]


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 5: Newcastle Disease in California in 
Backyard Poultry

Newcastle Disease Confirmed in California

Officials with the California Department of Agriculture (CDFA) and the 
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an 
eradication campaign for Newcastle disease.  The disease was confirmed on 1 
Oct 2002, and is restricted to backyard poultry.  Clinical signs in 
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal 
signs.  Mortality is up to 90 percent of exposed birds.  Commercial 
poultry, at this time, are not involved in the disease occurrence. 
Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation.

Situation Update:

Number of premises positive: 25
Number of contacts:  32

Number of premises quarantined: 147

Number of premises depopulated: 53
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 4
Birds depopulated to date:  9600 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles
Riverside
San Bernardino

Operational Update:

State and federal animal health officials are conducting door-to-door 
surveys to identify fowl and other birds in the affected areas and are 
following up on all epidemiologic associations.  To date, depopulation, 
cleaning and disinfecting, and carcass disposal are being conducted by CDFA 
and APHIS.  CDFA has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions 
within the State of California.

The Newcastle disease situation is contained and is still considered a 
single outbreak cluster within a 30-mile radius in Los Angeles County and 
along the Los Angeles/Riverside/San Bernardino County border.

Affected and exposed backyard poultry are being euthanized, double-bagged, 
disinfecting the bags, and transporting the carcasses to restricted 
landfills for burial.

All door-to-door surveillance, along with interviews, has established that 
there have been no links to eastern States within the United States and no 
exposure to other backyard poultry in other States.

Local commercial table egg layer birds are being closely monitored and will 
only be allowed to move intrastate under CDFA monitoring and spent-hen 
movements restricted to the day they are scheduled for processing.

Trade Issues:
The Philippines has banned all live poultry and poultry products from the 
State of California, retroactive back to 3 Oct 2002.

Guam has placed an embargo on all live poultry from the United 
States.  Under this action, both table eggs and hatching eggs are permitted 
into Guam.

Argentina has placed a ban on all poultry, eggs, and related products from 
the United States.

Japan has banned all poultry and poultry products from a 50-kilometer 
radius around the infected premises in California, for 3-months.

Taiwan has banned all shipments of fresh, chilled, frozen, and other 
related poultry products produced or loaded in the State of California, 
retroactive back to 3 Oct 2002.  Poultry and poultry products transiting 
California in sealed containers may be imported into Taiwan.  The ban also 
applies to dry pet food containing poultry.  Canned pet foods and poultry 
meat are permitted.

Canada has placed a ban on hatching eggs and live poultry from the entire 
State of California.

Polish veterinary authorities have banned imports of poultry meat from the 
State of California.

Korea has placed a ban on California poultry products for up to 12 
months.  Details on the ban are as follows:
1. A ban, retroactive back to 27 Sep 2002, on a 10-kilometer radius of the 
disease occurrence premises;
2. Poultry meat is banned for 2 months.  28 Nov 2002 would be the date the 
banned area would be eligible again to export to Korea; and
3. Live poultry, day-old chicks, hatching eggs, and edible eggs are banned 
for 12 months.

Effective 1 Oct 2002, the European Union has placed a ban on the entire 
United States for the following commodities:
1. Live poultry and hatching eggs;
2. Live ratites and hatching eggs;
3. Fresh poultry meat;
4. Fresh meat and farmed or wild game birds; and
5. Fresh ratite meat.

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and 
industry  counterparts as necessary.

If you have questions about this situation please feel free to call
USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524,
301-734-8073, or e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

-----definitions---------
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on 
APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain 
impact on APHIS

--
Thomas E. Walton
<Thomas.E.Walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04) 20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03) 20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
.....................tg/pg/dk




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