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Archive Number 20030714.1733
Published Date 14-JUL-2003
Subject PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (20)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, PLTY - USA (WEST)(20)
***************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
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ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 14 Jul 2003
From: Thomas E. Walton <Thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: Official Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) release 
[edited]


Emergency management warning 107: exotic Newcastle disease in the United States
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002, in the state of 
California and is now in the final phase of total eradication. No new 
positive premises have been detected since 31 May 2003, and no new positive 
commercial premises have been detected since 26 Mar. APHIS has also 
recently taken the following significant regulatory actions:

1. A prohibition on the interstate and international movement of animals 
for fighting, which directly addressed gamefowl movements for fighting, was 
published in the Federal Register on 12 May 2003.
2. With the complete eradication of END in the states of Nevada and 
Arizona, effective 14 May 2003, APHIS lifted federal quarantines on the 5 
counties affected in Nevada and Arizona. Additionally, all Federal/State 
emergency response incident command posts in the 2 states have been closed.
3. With the successful eradication of END in the single index premises in 
Texas, the Federal/State incident command post in Socorro, TX, has also 
been closed and the quarantine lifted on the 5 counties affected in Texas 
and New Mexico.

APHIS is currently conducting END strategy meetings planning for final 
eradication and surveillance activities. Although all indicators show that 
END is nearing total eradication in the US, APHIS is still conducting an 
enhanced national END surveillance program throughout the US.

Current statistics
------------------
California
Personnel assigned 665
Premises currently quarantined 11 913
Current positive premises 0 backyard, 5 commercial
Current contact premises 4 backyard, 0 commercial
Affected premises pending depopulation 0

Cumulative statistics
---------------------
California / Texas / Arizona / Nevada / Total
Total premises quarantined: 18 425 / 497/ 67 / 155 / 19 144
Total premises released: 6510 / 473 / 67 / 155 / 7205
Total positive premises: 920 (no change) / 1 (no change) / 1 (no change) / 
10 (no change) / 932 (no change)
Total premises depopulated: 2507 / 41 / 6 / 147 / 2701
Total birds depopulated: 3 923 432 / 1871 / 269 / 2746 / 3 928 318
Counties with currently positive and/or contact premises: Riverside, San 
Bernardino, San Diego

Operational update
------------------
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary 
emergency for the states of Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, and New 
Mexico. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within 
Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas.

Effective 15 May 2003, operational activities at the Arizona Incident 
Command were officially complete and the command was closed. Dr Dee Harris, 
area veterinarian in charge will handle any remaining inquiries.

Effective 5 Jun 2003, APHIS removed Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero Counties, NM, 
Hudspeth County, TX, and portions of El Paso County, TX, from the list of 
quarantined areas. This action removes restrictions on the movement of 
birds, poultry, and certain other articles from those areas.

The Incident Command Post in Texas has been closed. Operational activities 
have been completed. Intra-county movement restrictions are to be removed 
in El Paso County.

The Central California Incident Command Post closed 20 Jun 2003.

Outreach activities
-------------------
Currently, task force personnel field about 150 to 200 calls per week from 
the public through the phone bank; the number tends to fluctuate with the 
amount of interest generated in those communities undergoing surveillance 
activities. California's END website: 
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>
Nevada's END website: <http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>
Arizona's END website: <http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>
Texas' END website: 
<http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/end/end.shtml>

If you have any questions about this situation, please email 
<EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV>.

-- 
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Essentially it appears that Newcastle disease in the US has been 
eradicated. This is good news for the US and for its trading partners. 
Understandably this will highlight any weak areas in how things were 
handled. So identifying the "lessons learned" will continue for some time. 
­ Mod.TG]

[see also
Newcastle disease, game fowl, pltry - USA (West) (19)    20030712.1717
Newcastle disease, game fowl, pltry - USA (West) (18)    20030702.1631
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (17)     20030604.1370
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (16)     20030527.1297
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west)(15)      20030519.1236
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty USA(west) (14)        20030515.1212
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (13)     20030505.1121
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: correction             20030428.1044
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: EU import ban          20030427.1036
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE (02)          20030425.1014
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE               20030423.0987
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX) (02): confirmed 20030410.0870
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (Texas): suspect     20030407.0848
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02)     20030211.0372
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06)   20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)         20030206.0318]

...................tg/pg/sh

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