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Archive Number 20030702.1631
Published Date 02-JUL-2003
Subject PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, game fowl, pltry - USA (West) (18)
NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, POULTRY - USA (WEST) (18)
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A ProMED-mail post
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ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 2 Jul 2003
From: Thomas E. Walton <Thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: official APHIS release [edited]


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 105: Exotic Newcastle Disease 
in the United States

Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002, in the 
State of California and is now in the final phase of total 
eradication.  No new positive premises have been detected since 31 
May 2003.  The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has 
also recently taken the following significant regulatory actions:

1. A prohibition on the interstate and international movement of 
animals for fighting, which directly addressed gamefowl movements for 
fighting, was published in the Federal Register on 12 May 2003.

2. With the complete eradication of END in the States of Nevada and 
Arizona, effective 14 May 2003, APHIS lifted federal quarantines on 
the 5 counties affected in Nevada and Arizona.  Additionally, all 
Federal/State emergency response incident command posts in the 2 
States have been closed.

3. With the successful eradication of END in the single index 
premises in Texas, the Federal/State incident command post in 
Socorro, TX, has also been closed and the quarantine lifted on the 5 
counties affected in Texas and New Mexico.

APHIS is currently conducting END strategy meetings planning for 
final eradication and surveillance activities.  Although all 
indicators show that END is nearing total eradication in the United 
States, APHIS is still conducting an enhanced national END 
surveillance program throughout the United States.

Current Statistics

California
Personnel Assigned: 665
Premises Currently Quarantined: 13 119
Current Positive Premises: 0 backyard, 10 commercial
Current Contact Premises: 5 backyard, 0 commercial
Affected Premises Pending Depopulation: 0

Cumulative Statistics

Statistic / California / Texas / Arizona / Nevada / Total
Total Premises Quarantined: 18 419 / 497 / 67 / 155 / 19 138
Total Premises Released:        3133 / 2        66 / 155 / 3356
Total Positive Premises: 920 (no change) / 1 (no change) / 1 (no 
change) / 10 (no change) / 932 (no change)
Total Premises Depopulated: 2502 / 41 / 6 / 147 / 2696
Total Birds Depopulated: 3 923 395 / 1871 / 269 / 2746 / 3 928 281
Counties with Currently Positive and/or Contact Premises 
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego

Operational Update

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an 
extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California, 
Nevada, Texas, and New Mexico.  These declarations allow USDA to 
apply federal authority within Arizona, California, Nevada, New 
Mexico, and Texas.

Effective 7 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San 
Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

Effective 17 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

Effective 10 Feb 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave 
County, AZ.

Effective 10 Apr 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from all of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, TX, and Dona Ana, 
Luna, and Otero Counties, NM.  The federal quarantine was placed on 
counties beyond the infected county due to their proximity to the 
infected county.

Effective 13 May 2003, operational activities at the Nevada Incident 
Command were officially complete and the Command was closed.  Dr. 
David Thain, State Veterinarian for Nevada will handle any remaining 
inquiries.  An Animal Health Technician will remain at the site to 
conduct truck disinfections.

Effective 14 May 2003, Mohave and Yuma Counties, AZ, Nye County, NV, 
and portions of La Paz County, AZ, and Clark County, NV, were removed 
from the list of quarantined areas because of exotic Newcastle 
disease.

Effective 14 May 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from a portion of Kern County, CA.

Effective 15 May 2003, operational activities at the Arizona Incident 
Command were officially complete and the Command was closed.  Dr. Dee 
Harris, Area Veterinarian in Charge will handle any remaining 
inquiries.

Effective 5 Jun 2003, APHIS removed Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero 
Counties, NM, Hudspeth County, TX, and portions of El Paso County, 
TX, from the list of quarantined areas.  This action removes 
restrictions on the movement of birds, poultry, and certain other 
articles from those areas.

The Incident Command Post in Texas has been closed.  Operational 
activities have been completed.  Intra-county movement restrictions 
are to be removed in El Paso County.

The Central California Incident Command Post closed 20 Jun 2003.

Outreach Activities

On a daily basis, Task Force personnel are communicating information 
concerning surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection 
operations to all affected city managers in Southern California.

The following link is to the State of California's END website.
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>

The following link is to the State of Nevada's END website.
<http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>

The following link is to the State of Arizona's END website.
<http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>

The following link is to the State of Texas' END website.
<http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/end/end.shtml>

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry 
counterparts as necessary.

If you have any questions about this situation, please feel free to 
call USDA, APHIS, VS, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 
301-734-8073, or e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

--
Thomas E. Walton
<Thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>

[This is a comprehensive update, but it appears that this outbreak is 
almost completed and Newcastle disease virus will again be eradicated 
in the USA. - Mod.TG]

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (17) 20030604.1370
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (16) 20030527.1297
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west)(15) 20030519.1236
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty  USA(west) (14) 20030515.1212
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (13) 20030505.1121
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02) 20030211.0372
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)      20030206.0318
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE (02) 20030425.1014
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE      20030423.0987
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX) (02): confirmed 20030410.0870
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (Texas): suspect      20030407.0848
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06) 20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: correction      20030428.1044
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: EU import ban      20030427.1036]
..................tg/pg/lm
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