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Archive Number 20030519.1236
Published Date 19-MAY-2003
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty -- USA (west) (15)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, POULTRY -­ USA (WEST) (15)
******************************************
A ProMED-mail post
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ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 19 May 2003
From: Thomas E Walton  <Thomas.e.Walton@usda.gov>
Source: Official APHIS release


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 93: Exotic Newcastle Disease
Confirmed in the United States
-------------------------
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002 in the State of
California and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 22
commercial operations in California.  On 16 Jan 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada.  A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on 4 Feb 2003, in the State of Arizona.  On 9 Apr 2003,
END was also in backyard fowl in Texas.  Clinical signs in infected birds
include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.  Mortality is up
to 90 percent of exposed birds.

Investigations are ongoing, and all figures are pending final
validation.  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel
and other federal government personnel are working with the States to
consider additional resources to meet the labor demands at the Task
Forces.  APHIS has implemented a plan for enhanced national END
surveillance.

Current Statistics
--------------
Operations in Progress

Current Statistics: California / Texas / Total
Personnel Assigned: 1063 / 31 / 1094
Premises Currently Quarantined: 14 928 / 476 / 15 404

Current Positive Premises:
CA:  354 backyard, 17 commercial
TX:  1 backyard,        0 commercial
Total: 355 backyard, 17 commercial

Current Contact Premises:
CA: 316 backyard, 1 commercial
TX: 0 backyard, 0 commercial
Total: 316 backyard, 1 commercial

Premises Pending Depopulation: 10 / 0 / 10

Cumulative Statistics: California / Texas / Total
Total Premises Quarantined: 17 405 / 496/ 17 901
Total Premises Released: 2456 / 1 / 2457
Total Positive Premises:
CA: 895 backyard (+1), 21 commercial (no change)
TX: 1 backyard (no change), 0 commercial (no change)
Total: 896 backyard (+1), 21 commercial (no change)

Total Premises Depopulated: 2430 (no change) / 41 (no change) / 2471 (no
change)
Total Birds Depopulated:        3 492 568 (no change) / 1823 (no change) /
3 494 391 (no change)

Counties with Currently Positive and/or Contact Premises: Kern, Los
Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura, El Paso

Completed Operations (Final Numbers): Arizona / Nevada / Total
Total Infected Premises: 1 / 10 / 11
Total Contact Premises: 3 / 10 / 13
Total Premises Quarantined: 1 / 0 / 1
Total Premises Released: 66 / 155 / 221
Total Premises Depopulated: 6 / 147 / 153
Total Birds Depopulated: 269 / 2746 / 3015
Last Infected Premises Depopulated: 7 Feb 2003 / 29 Jan 03

Operational Update
----------------
Effective 7 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa
Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

Effective 17 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

Effective 10 Feb 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.

Effective 14 May 2003, Mohave and Yuma Counties, AZ, Nye County, NV, and
portions of La Paz County, AZ, and Clark County, NV, were removed from the
list of quarantined areas because of exotic Newcastle disease.

Effective 10 Apr 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
all of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, TX, and Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero
Counties, NM.  The federal quarantine was placed on counties beyond the
infected county due to their proximity to the infected county.

A quarantine was placed on a portion of New Mexico because of its proximity
to the infected area in the State of Texas

Effective 14 May 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from a
portion of Kern County, CA.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary
emergency for the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, and New
Mexico.  These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within
Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas.

Currently there are still 18 commercial premises in the State of California
affected by END.  The breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as
follows:  4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 5
premises in San Diego County (5 infected), and 9 premises in San Bernardino
County (9 infected).

DNA sequencing analysis confirms that the Texas END outbreak was caused by
a separate introduction of virus and not by movement of virus from the
affected areas in California, Nevada, or Arizona.  Intensified surveillance
in El Paso County, TX, and the surrounding areas has yielded no further
positive cases, suggesting that our early detection and swift response has
worked well to contain and eliminate this outbreak.

Outreach Activities
---------------
END Task Force personnel passed out educational materials at their booth
during a Mother's Day celebration in Bakersfield, CA.  The sponsor of the
celebration is a local Spanish-language radio station.

In conjunction with the Task Force, the Texas Animal Health Commission in
Austin continues to send out information packets to stakeholder
organizations; most recently, the commission has mailed materials to feed
stores, veterinary clinics, and pet stores.

The following link is to the State of California's END website.
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>

The following link is to the State of Nevada's END website.
<http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>

The following link is to the State of Arizona's END website.
<http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>

The following link is to the State of Texas' END website.
<http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/end/end.shtml>

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry
counterparts as necessary.

If you have any questions about this situation, please feel free to  call
USDA, APHIS, VS, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 301-734-8073, or
e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

--
Thomas E. Walton
<Thomas.e.Walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty ­ USA(west) (14) 20030515.1212
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (13) 20030505.1121
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02) 20030211.0372
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)      20030206.0318
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE (02) 20030425.1014
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE      20030423.0987
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX) (02): confirmed 20030410.0870
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (Texas): suspect      20030407.0848
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06) 20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: correction      20030428.1044
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA: EU import ban      20030427.1036]
........tg/pg/jw


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