Most links will NOT work from this page. Go to the source as below if needed.
NOTE: Reference URL Promed Web Page


ISID Home
about ISID | membership | programs | publications | resources | 11th ICID | site map
 
ProMed Home
 
  Navigation
Home
Search Archives
Announcements
Recalls/Alerts
Calendar of Events
Maps of Outbreaks
Submit Info
Subscribe/Unsubscribe
FAQs
About ProMED-mail
Who's Who
Awards
Citing ProMED-mail
Links
  
Archive Number 20030425.1014
Published Date 25-APR-2003
Subject PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE (02)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, POULTRY - USA (TEXAS): OIE (2)
*************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org/>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

[1]
Date: 25 April 2003
From: Tom Walton, DVM, PhD <Thomas.E.Walton@aphis.usda.gov>


There are 2 significant inaccuracies in the recent OIE report [see 
ProMED-mail report: Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE 
20030423.0987] on exotic Newcastle disease (END) in the state of Texas 
(TX), USA, that the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal 
and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Veterinary Services would 
appreciate being clarified.

1. As a member of the Office International des Epizooties (OIE), the United 
States is obliged to report outbreaks of List A diseases to the OIE within 
24 hours of disease confirmation. A Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostician 
had visited the affected Texas premises on 4 April when clinical signs 
compatible with END were reported by the flock owner to TX animal health 
authorities. Clinical samples were received at the National Veterinary 
Services Laboratories (NVSL) on 5 April.

On 9 April 2003, NVSL confirmed the isolation of END virus from backyard 
fowl in El Paso, Texas, USA, and OIE was notified on 10 April 2003. The 
posting from the OIE stated: "The report refers to an animal health 
incident first detected on 26 Sep 2002 in El Paso County, Texas (western 
part of the state). The estimated date of first infection is 19 Sep 2002. 
One outbreak of Newcastle disease has been confirmed (clinical and 
laboratory diagnosis) in backyard birds (164 birds) in El Paso County, 
Texas, which is outside the current quarantine area."

These dates reported in this posting are not correct dates for the Texas 
outbreak. In fact, the September 2002, dates in the aforementioned OIE 
report referred to the dates when END first was reported by the USA for the 
initial outbreak in California (CA). At the time of the April 10 report, it 
was believed that the Texas outbreak was an extension of disease from the 
CA-Arizona (AZ)-Nevada (NV) activity. The Texas outbreak, therefore, was 
reported to OIE as a 10 April addendum to the initial CA report submitted 
in September 2002, as the USDA similarly had reported in addenda for NV and AZ.

2. Subsequent to the April 10 report, DNA sequence analysis has confirmed 
that the TX END outbreak was caused by a separate introduction of a 
related, but distinctly different, END virus strain, not by the movement of 
END virus from the affected areas in CA-NV-AZ. This information 
demonstrates several relevant and important factors:
1) END virus has been contained effectively in the existing quarantine 
areas in southern CA, western AZ, and southern NV; and
2) the State-Federal educational and awareness programs and surveillance 
efforts are having a positive impact, even outside of the quarantine areas.

The following information in the report is not current: [see 2nd OIE report 
below. - Mod.PC] "The causal agent (paramyxovirus type-1) was identified at 
the National Veterinary Services Laboratories, Ames, Iowa, using virus 
isolation. The virus was found to have multiple basic amino acids at the 
fusion (F) protein cleavage activation site: arg. arg. glu. lys. arg* phe, 
a sequence compatible with that of mesogenic/velogenic pathotypes. The 
sequence of the Texas APMV-1 is compatible with its classification as 
exotic Newcastle disease virus (ENDV). The sequence at the cleavage site of 
the fusion protein gene is RRQKR/F, which is identical with that found in 
the CA, NV, and AZ isolates of ENDV. The nucleotide sequence of the 180-bp 
segment flanking the cleavage site is identical with the CA, NV\, and AZ 
isolates of exotic Newcastle disease virus."

The phylogenetic (DNA) analysis of the TX El Paso END virus isolate has 
been completed. Although the nucleotide sequence flanking the cleavage site 
of the fusion protein gene was identical with that of the CA, NV, and AZ 
virus isolates, overall there was only 97 per cent nucleotide similarity in 
other regions of the fusion and matrix genes. The DNA analysis data along 
with other laboratory data support the conclusion that the TX END outbreak 
was caused by a separate introduction of END virus and not by movement of 
END virus from affected areas in CA, NV, or AZ.

In addition, please note that the correct amino acid sequence at the fusion 
protein cleavage activation site noted in the first of the two paragraphs 
above should be: arg, arg, gln, lys, arg* phe.

-- 
Thomas E. Walton, DVM, PhD, ScD
USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
Centers for Epidemiology & Animal Health
Thomas.E.Walton@aphis.usda.gov

******
[2]
Date: 25 April 2003
From: ProMED-mail <promed@promedmail.org>
Source: Office International des Epizooties (OIE) Disease Information 2003; 
16 (17) 25 April [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/eng/info/hebdo/AIS_22.HTM#Sec0>


Newcastle disease in the USA in the state of Texas (follow-up report No. 1)
--------------------------------------------------
See also: 18 April 2003, 7 February 2003, 24 January 2003, 17 January 2003, 
10 January 2003, 3 January 2003, 29 November 2002, 22 November 2002, 8 
November 2002, 1 November 2002, 25 October 2002, 18 October 2002, 4 October 
2002
Information received on 18 and 24 April 2003 from Dr Peter Fernandez, 
associate administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United 
States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Washington, DC:

End of previous report period: 10 April 2003 (see Disease Information 2003; 
16 [16]: 93, dated 18 April).
End of this report period: 24 April 2003.

Outbreaks (updated data): location El Paso County, in the south-western 
part of Texas
No. of outbreaks 1 (38 quarantined backyard flocks only; USDA is defining 
this event as a single point source outbreak affecting multiple premises)
(infected and/or dangerous contacts).

Total number of animals in the Texas outbreak:
species / susceptible / cases /deaths / destroyed / slaughtered
avi / ... / ... / ... / about 1924 / 0

Diagnosis/Epidemiology:
In the emergency report on Newcastle disease in the State of Texas it was 
mentioned that the virus isolate was believed to be the same as those 
isolates associated with the outbreak* in southern California (see Disease 
Information 2003; 16 [16]: 94, dated 18 April). Further DNA sequencing 
analysis, however, has confirmed that the cases detected in El Paso county, 
Texas, were caused by a separate introduction of virus and not by the 
movement of virus from the affected areas in California, Nevada, or 
Arizona. The phylogenetic analysis shows that the viruses are different 
enough to indicate that the incident in El Paso county was the result of a 
separate introduction, and is thus a separate outbreak*.

This information demonstrates several relevant and important factors:
1) we continue to effectively contain the initial virus to the existing 
quarantine area in southern California, western Arizona, and southern 
Nevada; and
2) our education and awareness programs and surveillance efforts are having 
a positive impact, even outside the quarantine areas.

-- 
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[We are very pleased to get this clarification so quickly and appreciate 
the efforts to ensure an accurate record. - Mod.PC]

[see also:
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE               20030423.0987
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (12)     20030423.0988
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (11)     20030415.0920
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (10)     20030411.0877
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX) (02): confirmed 20030410.0870
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (Texas): suspect     20030407.0848
2002
---
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (07)            20021125.5893
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (06)            20021112.5780
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05)            20021101.5689
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04)            20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03)            20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02)            20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX): warning        20021006.5482
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE            20021004.5468]

..........pc/sh

*##########################################################*
ProMED-mail makes every effort to  verify  the reports  that
are  posted,  but  the  accuracy  and  completeness  of  the
information,   and  of  any  statements  or  opinions  based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by  ProMED-mail.   ISID
and  its  associated  service  providers  shall not be  held
responsible for errors or omissions or  held liable for  any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon  posted
or archived material.
************************************************************
Visit ProMED-mail's web site at <http://www.promedmail.org/>.
Send  all  items  for   posting  to:   promed@promedmail.org
(NOT to  an  individual moderator).  If you do not give your
full name and  affiliation, it  may  not  be  posted.   Send
commands  to  subscribe/unsubscribe,   get  archives,  help,
etc. to: majordomo@promedmail.org.    For assistance  from a
human  being  send mail to:  owner-majordomo@promedmail.org.
############################################################
############################################################

about ISID | membership | programs | publications | resources
11th ICID | site map | ISID home

2001 International Society for Infectious Diseases
All Rights Reserved.
Read our privacy guidelines.
Use of this web site and related services is governed by the Terms of Service.