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Archive Number 20030423.0988
Published Date 23-APR-2003
Subject PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (12)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, POULTRY - USA (WEST) (12)
*******************************************************
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Date: 22 Apr 2002
From: Thomas E. Walton <thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: Official (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) APHIS release 
[edited]


Emergency management warning 86: exotic Newcastle disease confirmed in the US
-------------------------------
All information in the following notice marked with an asterisk (*) 
identifies changes since the last notice was sent out. Exotic Newcastle 
disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002, in the state of California, and 
has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 22 commercial operations in 
California. On 16 Jan 2003, END was also confirmed in a backyard flock in 
Nevada. A backyard flock was confirmed with END on 4 Feb 2003, in Arizona. 
On 9 Apr 2003, END was confirmed in backyard fowl in Texas. Clinical signs 
in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs. 
Mortality is up to 90 per cent of exposed birds.

Investigations are ongoing and all figures are pending final validation. 
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other 
federal government personnel are working with the states to consider 
additional resources to meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS 
has implemented a plan for enhanced national END surveillance.

*Situation Update (as of 8:00 pm PST, 20 Apr 2003)
Arizona / California / Nevada / Texas / grand total
Number of premises quarantined 1 / 16 342 / 145 / 51 / 16 539
Number of premises released 60 / 99 / 9 / 0 / 168
Number of positive premises *1 / 888 (as on 18 Apr) / ** 10 / 1 (as on 4 
Oct) / 900 (as on 18 Apr)
Number of contact premises 3 / 1533 (-6 from 18 Apr) / 128 / 37 (as on 18 
Apr) / 1701 (-6 from 18 Apr)
Number of premises depopulated 4 / 2375 / 138 / 34 / 2551
Premises awaiting depopulation 0 / 45 / 0 / 4 / 49
Birds depopulated to date 269 / 3 460 028 / 2746 / 1924 / 3 464 967

Counties with quarantined premises: La Paz, Los Angeles, Riverside, Orange, 
San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura, Clark, El Paso

* The last infected premises in Arizona was depopulated on 7 Feb 2003.
** The last infected premises in Nevada was depopulated on 29 Jan 2003.

Operational Update
 Effective 7 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa 
Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
 Effective 17 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
 Effective 10 Feb 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
 Effective 10 Apr 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
all of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, TX, and Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero 
Counties, NM. The federal quarantine was placed on counties beyond the 
infected county due to their proximity to the infected county. A quarantine 
was placed on a portion of New Mexico because of its proximity to the 
infected area in the State of Texas.
 The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary 
emergency for the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, and New 
Mexico. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within 
Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas.
 Currently 22 commercial flocks in California are affected by END. The 
breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as follows: 4 premises in 
Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 7 premises in San Diego County 
(7 infected), and 11 premises in San Bernardino County (11 infected).
 *Of the 2600 premises designated for depopulation, 98.1 per cent have 
been completed.
 APHIS' enhanced surveillance plan includes the surveillance of 22 410 
premises from the Central California Task Force, 3474 premises from the 
Inland Desert Task Force, and 750 premises from the South Coast Task Force. 
All of these premises currently reside outside the quarantined area in 
California.
 The Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA is staffed and 
working cooperatively with about 15 to 20 county officials to implement 
efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central Valley.

Outreach Activities
 On a daily basis, task force personnel are communicating information 
concerning surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection 
operations to all affected city managers in southern California.
 Currently, task force information personnel field about 450 calls per 
week from the public through the Joint Information Center phone bank. This 
is a 20-fold increase from the number of calls in October 2002. About 300 
of these calls require follow-up action by the Inland Desert or South Coast 
Incident Command Posts.
 The task force information staff provide daily updates to about 50 media 
outlets in California. In addition, in Area Command alone, the information 
staff field about 70 media calls per week.

California's END website: <http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>
Nevada's END website: <http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>
Arizona's END website: <http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>
Texas' END website: 
<http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/end/end.shtml>

If you have any questions about this situation, please email 
<EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV>.

-- 
Thomas E. Walton
<thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (TX): OIE               20030423.0987
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (11)     20030415.0920
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (10)     20030411.0877
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX) (02): confirmed 20030410.0870
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (Texas): suspect     20030407.0848
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (09)     20030407.0845
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (08)     20030319.0685
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (west) (07)     20030315.0650
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA(West)(06)      20030311.0591
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA(West)(05)      20030309.0579
Newcastle Disease, game fowl, plty - USA (West)(04)      20030302.0523
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(03)     20030222.0463
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02)     20030211.0372
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06)   20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)         20030206.0318]

...................tg/pg/sh

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