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Archive Number 20030222.0463
Published Date 22-FEB-2003
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(03)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, POULTRY - USA (WEST) (03)
***************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
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ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 21 Feb 2003
From: Thomas E Walton <Thomas.e.Walton@USDA.gov>
Source: Official APHIS release [edited]


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 43: Exotic Newcastle Disease 
Confirmed in the United States

All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*) 
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.

* Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002, in the State 
of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 15 
commercial operations in California.On 16 Jan 2003, END was also confirmed 
in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada.A backyard flock was confirmed 
with END on 4 Feb 2003, in the State of Arizona.Clinical signs in infected 
birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.Mortality is 
up to 90 percent of exposed birds.

Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final 
validation.Veterinary services is working rapidly to expand staff on the 
Task Forces in the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada and is 
exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 
(APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is working with 
the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor demands.

APHIS is continuing to develop a plan for national END surveillance.This 
plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway.

* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, 18 Feb 2003)

Arizona / California / Nevada / Grand Total
* Number of premises positive: 1 (no change from 2/14) / * 638 (up 57 from 
2/14) / 8 (no change from 2/14) / * 647 (up 57 from 2/14)
* Number of contact premises 3 (no change from 2/14) / * 1247 (up 46 from 
2/14) / *121 (up 6 from 2/14) / *1371 (up 52 from 2/14)
* Number of premises released 0 (no change from 2/14) / * 8 (down 2 from 
2/14) / *0 (down 1 from 2/14) / * 8 (down 3 from 2/14)

* Number of premises depopulated: 4 / * 1635 / * 128 / * 1767
* Premises waiting to be depopulated: 0 / * 250 / * 0 / * 250
* Birds depopulated to date 239 / * 2 110 211 / * 2486 / * 2 112 936

Counties with positive flocks: La Paz, Los Angeles, Riverside, Orange, San 
Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura, Clark

* Operational Update

Effective 7 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the 
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa 
Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

Effective 17 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

Effective 10 Feb 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that  regulates 
the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from 
all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary 
emergency for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These 
declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, 
California and Nevada.

* Sequencing results have confirmed 2 new infected commercial premises in 
San Diego County, CA.

* Currently there are 15 commercial flocks in the State of California 
affected by END.The breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as 
follows:4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 4 
counties in San Diego County (4 infected), and 7 premises in San Bernardino 
County (7 infected).

* Of the 2018 premises designated for depopulation, 87.6 percent have been 
completed.

* The Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and 
working cooperatively with approximately 15) 20 county officials to 
implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central Valley.

The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on 12 Feb 2003, 
to discuss interagency agreements and agency resource allocations.The AgMAC 
is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting on 26 Feb 2003, and will meet 
weekly to address issues as they emerge.

Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, 
affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, 
composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected 
birds and materials.

Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify 
affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities 
that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock 
tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and 
order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically possible.

Task Force personnel, in close collaboration with the California State 
Highway Patrol, are exploring the possibility of establishing inspection 
stations on Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and 
voluntary compliance issues.

APHIS has developed and distributed a plan to enhance national END 
surveillance.This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance 
underway in Arizona, California, and Nevada.

CDFA's Division of Fairs and Expositions has issued an official 
recommendation that the California Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to 
suspend all poultry shows for the 2003 fair season.

Outreach Activities

* Within the week, 30-second Public Service Announcements (PSA) will begin 
airing on both Spanish- and English-language television stations in 
Southern California.The announcements encourage citizens to report any sick 
or dying birds.

* This week, 30-second PSAs will begin airing on Spanish-language radio 
stations in the greater southern California radio market area. Public 
information officers provided on-site support to depopulation crews within 
the designated area in Little Rock, CA.

Reporters from National Geographic interviewed Task Force Co-Area 
Commanders for use in a 4-to-5-minute news segment on END and Task Force 
activities that will air on the National Geographic Today program on the 
National Geographic Channel.The public information staff provided National 
Geographic with footage of field work.

Task Force information staff sent Power Point presentations on biosecurity 
for commercial and backyard premises to all Incident Command Posts.

Task Force information personnel are sending information materials to the 
Central Valley Incident Command Post (ICP) for use in surveillance.In 
addition, a public information officer has been identified for assignment 
to the Central Valley ICP.

Task Force information personnel coordinated a joint press release with the 
Colorado River Indian Tribe to announce the newly designated infected 
backyard premises in Arizona.Since the announcement, the information staff 
has received over 20 media calls related to the newly designated infected 
premises in the State.

Public information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force with the 
Garden Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area Command's and the 
South Coast ICP's move later this month to a new facility.

Presently, the public information staff has 9 public meetings scheduled 
between now and 10 Mar 2003. This is exclusive of meetings scheduled with 
bird clubs and other industry associations.

Task Force public information personnel have reviewed all publications 
currently used by field crews and are in the process of revising these 
documents to make them more reader-friendly. Task Force information 
personnel are designing and preparing for distribution a 
door-hanger/information envelope for use by field crews at individual 
residences in affected areas.

The following link is to the State of California's END website.
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>

The following link is to the State of Nevada's END website.
<http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>

The following link is to the State of Arizona's END website.
<http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry 
counterparts as necessary.

If you have any questions about this situation, please feel free to call 
USDA, APHIS, VS, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 301-734-8073, or 
e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

-----definitions---------
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on 
APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain 
impact on APHIS

--
Thomas E Walton
<thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02) 20030211.0372
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)      20030206.0318]
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA(CA)(09): corr 20030221.0454
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty - USA (CA) (09) 20030219.0434
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (CA) (08) 20030211.0373
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (CA) (07) 20030210.0361
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06) 20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (05) 20030117.0145
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)(04) 20030116.0129
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)(03) 20030108.0060
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (02) 20030104.0021
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20030103.0014
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (CA,NV) (02) 20030204.0304
Newcastle disease, game fowl, poultry - USA (CA, NV)      20030127.0246
2002
----
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20021228.6147
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (11) 20021221.6104
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (10) 20021216.6077
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (09) 20021208.6014
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (08) 20021203.5958
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (07) 20021125.5893
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (06) 20021112.5780
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05) 20021101.5689
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04) 20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03) 20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
...............tg/pg/dk




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