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Archive Number 20030211.0372
Published Date 11-FEB-2003
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)(02)
NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME FOWL, POULTRY - USA (WEST)(02)
******************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org/>
ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date:11 Feb 2003
From: Thomas E. Walton <thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: Official APHIS release [edited]


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 38: Exotic Newcastle Disease 
Confirmed in the United States

All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*) 
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.

* Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on 1 Oct 2002, in the 
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to 
affect eight commercial operations in California.

On 16 Jan 2003, END was also confirmed in a backyard flock in the 
State of Nevada.

In addition, a backyard flock was confirmed with END on 4 Feb 2003, 
in the State of Arizona.

Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and 
gastrointestinal signs.  Mortality is up to 90 percent of exposed 
birds.

Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final 
validation.  Veterinary Services is working rapidly to expand staff 
on the Task Force in the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada 
and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government 
personnel, and is working with the States to consider additional 
resources to meet the labor demands.  APHIS is continuing to develop 
a plan for national END surveillance.  This plan will enhance the 
already extensive surveillance underway.

* Arizona Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, 9 Feb 2003)

END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in La Paz County, AZ. 
APHIS is currently developing a federal quarantine for the affected 
area in Arizona.  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has also 
declared an extraordinary emergency.  APHIS and the State of Arizona 
have begun surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and 
have established a Task Force in Arizona.

Number of premises positive:  1 (no change from 2/7 report)
Number of contact premises:  3 (no change from 2/7 report)
Number of premises released:  0 (no change from 2/7 report)
* Number of premises depopulated:  4
* Premises waiting to be depopulated: 0
* Birds depopulated to date:   289

Counties with positive flocks:  La Paz

* Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, 9 Feb 2003)

END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV.  Federal 
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County 
and a portion of Nye County, NV.  USDA has also declared an 
extraordinary emergency.  APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun 
surveillance  efforts of the backyard bird population and have 
established a Task Force in Nevada.

Number of premises positive:    8 (no change from 2/7 report)
* Number of contact premises: 91 (up 2 from 2/7 report)
Number of premises released:    0 (no change from 2/7 report)
* Number of premises depopulated: 98
Premises waiting to be depopulated:   1
* Birds depopulated to date:  1681

Counties with positive flocks:  Clark

* California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, 7 Feb 2003)

Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture 
(CDFA) and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the 
END outbreak in Southern California.  USDA has instituted a federal 
quarantine zone that serves as a buffer around the END-affected area 
in Southern California.  The department has also declared an 
extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources and 
authorities to the eradication campaign for END in Southern 
California.

* Number of premises positive:  532 (up 17 from 2/7 report)
* Number of contact premises:  1185 (up 122 from 2/7 report)
* Number of premises released:  10 (up 1 from 2/7 report)
* Number of premises depopulated:  1465
* Premises waiting to be depopulated:    262
* Birds depopulated to date:   2 024 383

Counties with positive flocks:  Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San 
Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura

Operational Update

Effective 7 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San 
Bernardino, San  Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

Effective 17 Jan 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry 
products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

* The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an 
extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California, and 
Nevada.  These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority 
within California and Nevada.

* Of the 1830 premises designated for depopulation, 85.6 percent have 
been completed.

* A new commercial premises in San Bernardino County, CA, has been 
identified as positive for END.  This new finding brings the total 
number positive commercial premises in California to 7 along with 1 
contact commercial premises.

* The dramatic increase in the number of contact premises for 
California is due to the designation of a new neighborhood flock in 
Little Rock, CA.

Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, 
affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. 
Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal 
of affected birds and materials.

Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to 
identify affected premises.  Epidemiological investigations are 
ongoing.  Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in 
affected areas.  If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine 
the premises immediately and order the destruction of the flock as 
soon as it is logistically possible.

APHIS is developing a plan to enhance national END surveillance. 
This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway in 
California and Nevada.  Currently, an ICP is being established in 
Arizona.

Outreach Activities

* Task Force information personnel are sending information materials 
to the Central Valley Incident Command Post (ICP) for use in 
surveillance.  In addition, a public information officer has been 
identified for assignment to the Central Valley ICP.

Task Force information personnel coordinated a joint press release 
with an Indian Tribe to announce the newly designated infected 
backyard premises in Arizona.  Since the announcement earlier this 
week, the information staff has received over 20 media calls related 
to the newly designated infected premises in the State.

Public information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force 
with the Garden Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area 
Command's and the South Coast ICP's move later this month to a new 
facility.

Presently, the public information staff has 9 public meetings 
scheduled between now and 10 Mar 2003.  This is exclusive of meetings 
scheduled with bird clubs and other industry associations.

On a daily basis, Task Force public information personnel are 
communicating information concerning surveillance, depopulation, and 
cleaning and disinfection operations to all affected city managers in 
Southern California.

Currently, Task Force information personnel field approximately 450 
calls per week from the public.  This is a 20-fold increase from the 
number of calls from early October 2002.  On average, approximately 
300 of these calls require follow-up action by the ICP's.  The Task 
Force's public information staff, in cooperation with LPA in 
Riverdale, is preparing 2 new documents for distribution: the revised 
END brochure (which has been updated to include new information and 
photographs) and the END pest alert fact sheet.  Delivery is 
anticipated within the next 3 weeks.

The Task Force information staff provides daily updates to 
approximately 35 media outlets in California.  In Area Command alone, 
Task Force public information personnel handle an average of 70 media 
calls per week.

The following link is to the State of California's END website.
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>

The following link is to the State of Nevada's END website.
<http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm>

The following link is to the State of Arizona's END website.
<http://agriculture.state.az.us/newcastle.htm>

The following link is to APHIS' END website.
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/enc/exoticnc.html>

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry 
counterparts as necessary.

If you have any questions about this situation, please feel free to 
call USDA, APHIS, VS, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 
301-734-8073, or e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

-----definitions---------
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential 
impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost 
certain impact on APHIS

--
Thomas E. Walton
<thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (CA) (07) 20030210.0361
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (06) 20030209.0353
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (AZ): OIE      20030208.0337
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (west)      20030206.0318
Newcastle disease, game fowl, plty. - USA (CA,NV) (02) 20030204.0304
Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (AZ): suspected      20030202.0289
Newcastle disease, game fowl, poultry - USA: control      20030129.0260
Newcastle disease, U.S. poultry ban extended - Mexico      20030127.0247
Newcastle disease, game fowl, poultry - USA (CA, NV)      20030127.0246
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (NV) (02) 20030126.0237
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (05) 20030117.0145
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (NV)      20030117.0138
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20030103.0014
2002
----
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20021228.6147
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (11) 20021221.6104
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX): warning      20021006.5482
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
...................................tg/pg/lm
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