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Archive Number 20030108.0060
Published Date 08-JAN-2003
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game birds & poultry - USA (CA)(03)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME BIRDS & POULTRY - USA (CALIFORNIA) (03)
************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org/>
ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>


Date: 8 Jan 03
From: Thomas E. Walton <thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: official APHIS release [edited]


Subject: Emergency Management Warning 15: Newcastle Disease Confirmed in 
California

Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and 
the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are conducting an 
eradication campaign for Newcastle disease.  The disease was confirmed on 1 
Oct 2002, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 3 commercial 
operations.  Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, 
and gastrointestinal signs.  Mortality is up to 90 percent of exposed 
birds.  Investigations are ongoing and all figures are pending final 
validation.  Veterinary Services (VS) is working to rapidly expand staff on 
the Task Force.  Over the next 3 months, VS expects to deploy 100 people 
per week to the Task Force for 3-week rotations, and is canceling meetings 
and training to meet the personnel demands.

Situation Update:
Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation.

Number of premises positive (clinical and contacts): 1146 (up 10 from 1/6)
Number of premises depopulated: 637
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 509
Birds depopulated to date:  146 296 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San 
Diego

Operational Update:
3 commercial flocks have been confirmed with Newcastle disease in 
Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties, CA.  The 3 operations 
housed approximately 1.2 million birds.  Depopulation of these birds has 
already begun.

The California State Veterinarian has imposed a quarantine (Food and 
Agriculture Code Section 9562) on the following counties: All of Los 
Angeles County; All of Orange County; Portions of Riverside County; 
Portions of San Bernardino County; and All of San Diego County.

Effective 21 Nov 2002, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates 
the interstate movement of poultry and poultry products from Los Angeles, 
portions of Riverside, and portions of San Bernardino Counties, CA.

Poultry species affected by California's quarantine are: Chickens, Turkeys, 
Ducks, Geese, Partridges, Pheasants, Quails, Guinea Fowl, Pea Fowl 
(Peacocks), Doves, Pigeons, Swans Ratites, Ratite Eggs

Veterinary Services has worked with the U.S. Postal Service to affirm that 
poultry will not be able to move out of the quarantined areas through the mail.

State and animal health officials are conducting door-to-door surveys to 
identify fowl and other birds in the affected areas and are following up on 
epidemiological associations.

To date, depopulation, cleaning and disinfecting, and carcass disposal are 
being conducted by CDFA and APHIS.

CDFA has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions within the 
State of California.

Affected and exposed poultry are being euthanized and double-bagged.  Task 
Force members are disinfecting the bags and transporting the carcasses to 
restricted landfills for burial.

All door-to-door surveillance, along with interviews has established that 
there have been no links to eastern States within the United States and no 
exposure to other poultry in other States.

Local commercial table egg layer birds are being closely monitored and will 
only be allowed to move intrastate under CDFA monitoring and spent-hen 
movement restricted to the day they are scheduled for processing.

Trade Issues:

Argentina has banned poultry, eggs, and related products from the entire 
United States.

Azerbaijan has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Bulgaria has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Canada has banned all poultry, poultry products, and eggs from the State of 
California.

China has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Colombia has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

The European Union has banned live poultry and hatching eggs, live ratites 
and hatching eggs, fresh poultry meat, fresh meat and farmed or wild game 
birds, and fresh ratite meat from the entire United States.

Grenada has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Guam has banned live poultry from the Mainland United States.  Table and 
hatching eggs are allowed to be imported into Guam.

Guatemala has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Hungary has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Indonesia has banned poultry and poultry products from a 50-kilometer 
radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Iran has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Japan has banned poultry products from a 50-kilometer radius of the 
quarantined areas in the State of California.

Jordan has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Korea has banned poultry meat, live poultry, day-old chicks, hatching eggs, 
and edible eggs from a 10-kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the 
State of California.

Latvia has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas 
in the State of California.

Lithuania has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Mauritius has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Morocco has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

New Caledonia has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Philippines has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of 
California.

Romania has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Saudi Arabia has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of 
California.

Switzerland has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined 
areas in the State of California.

Taiwan has banned poultry and poultry products and dry pet food containing 
poultry from the State of California.  Poultry and poultry products 
transiting the State of California are allowed to be imported into Taiwan.

Thailand has banned the importation of any feed ingredients and/or complete 
feed, which contain any part of poultry products/by-products that 
originated in the State of California.

Uruguay has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Western Samoa has banned poultry and poultry products from a 40 mile radius 
from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

The following link is to the State of California's Newcastle disease website:
<http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/Newcastle_info.htm>


The following link is to APHIS' Newcastle disease website:
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/enc/exoticnc.html>

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry 
counterparts as necessary.

If you have questions about this situation, please feel free to call USDA, 
APHIS, Veterinary Services, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 
301-734-8073, or e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV

-----definitions---------
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on 
APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain 
impact on APHIS

--
Thomas. E. Walton
<thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA) (02) 20030104.0021
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20030103.0014
2002
----
Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)      20021228.6147
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (11) 20021221.6104
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (10) 20021216.6077
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (09) 20021208.6014
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (08) 20021203.5958
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (07) 20021125.5893
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (06) 20021112.5780
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05) 20021101.5689
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04) 20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03) 20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX): warning      20021006.5482
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
........................tg/pg/mpp


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