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Archive Number 20021228.6147
Published Date 28-DEC-2002
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, game birds, poultry - USA (CA)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME BIRDS, POULTRY - USA (CALIFORNIA)
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Date: 28 Dec 2002
From: George Robertson <geo456@comcast.net> and Pablo Nart <p.nart@virgin.net>
Source Newsday.com, 27 Dec 2002 [edited]
<http://www.newsday.com/news/science/wire/sns-ap-poultry-disease1228dec27,0,7584026.story?coll=sns%2Dap%2Dscience%2Dheadlines>


Disease Leads to Poultry Killing in California
-----------------
State and federal agriculture officials have quarantined poultry and some 
poultry products in 3 counties after destroying more than 100 000 chickens 
infected with Exotic Newcastle Disease.

The deadly poultry disease cannot be contracted by humans. It was first 
detected in backyard flocks in October 2002. This week, officials confirmed 
it had been discovered at a poultry farm near Riverside.

"Finding it in a commercial flock is a first in California since 1974," 
Larry Hawkins, a spokesman for the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), 
said.  "It's not only serious because there is a direct threat to the 
poultry industry in California, but because it also brings about 
quarantines from our trading partners," he said.

A statewide outbreak of the disease in the 1970s threatened the entire US 
poultry and egg supply and led authorities to destroy nearly 12 million 
chickens. It cost USD 56 million to eradicate the disease.

The California Department of Food and Agriculture and the USDA have 
prohibited the movement of all poultry, poultry products, and nesting 
materials from Los Angeles County and portions of Riverside and San 
Bernardino counties, Hawkins said.  Because the disease cannot be 
transmitted to humans, eggs are being sanitized and allowed to pass through 
the quarantine zone.

California is the nation's third-largest egg producer. More than 9 million 
of the state's 12 million egg-laying hens are in the quarantine zone.

A task force made up of state and federal agriculture officials and 
scientists has been monitoring the outbreak since it was first reported 
among backyard flocks and pets in Southern California. The task force also 
has been advising commercial farms on security measures.

Leticia Rico, spokeswoman for the California Department of Food and 
Agriculture, would not identify the commercial poultry farm where the 
outbreak occurred.  "We're recommending to them that their biosecurity 
programs should be as stringent as possible," Rico said. "The disease 
doesn't discriminate between commercial and backyard birds."

The farmer was participating in a mandatory reporting procedure put in 
place in October 2002 and contacted authorities after noticing a slightly 
higher than normal mortality rate among chickens.

"At this point, we have euthanized the flock, and they have been safely 
disposed of," Rico said. "The facility is being cleaned and disinfected."

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ProMED-mail
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[see also:
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (11) 20021221.6104
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (10) 20021216.6077
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (09) 20021208.6014
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (08) 20021203.5958
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (07) 20021125.5893
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (06) 20021112.5780
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05) 20021101.5689
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04) 20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03) 20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX): warning      20021006.5482
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
................................tg/pg/mpp


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