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Archive Number 20021221.6104
Published Date 21-DEC-2002
Subject PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (11)

NEWCASTLE DISEASE, GAME BIRDS - USA (CA) (11)
**********************************************8
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org/>
ProMED-mail, a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org/>

Date: 21 Dec 2002
From: Thomas E Walton < thomas.e.walton@usda.gov>
Source: Official APHIS release

Subject: Emergency Management Warning 12: Newcastle Disease in California 
Backyard Poultry

Newcastle Disease Confirmed in California

Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and 
the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are conducting an 
eradication campaign for Newcastle disease.  The disease was confirmed on 
October 1, 2002, and is restricted to backyard poultry.  Clinical signs in 
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal 
signs.  Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Commercial poultry, at 
this time are not involved in the disease occurrence.  Investigations are 
on-going and all figures are pending final validation.

Situation Update:
Number of premises positive: 206
Number of contacts:  683
Number of premises depopulated: 504
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 385
Birds depopulated to date:  35,793 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino

Operational Update:
To date, the last reported positive case of Newcastle disease in California 
was December 19, 2002.

Effective November 13, 2002, the California State Veterinarian has imposed 
a quarantine (Food and Agriculture code Section 9562) on the following 
counties: All of Los Angeles County; Portions of Riverside County; and 
Portions of San Bernardino County.

Effective November 21, 2002, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that 
regulates the interstate movement of poultry and poultry products from 
California's already quarantined areas.

Poultry species affected by California's quarantine are: Chickens, Turkeys, 
Ducks, Geese, Grouse, Partridges, Pheasants, Quails, Guinea Fowl, Pea Fowl 
(Peacocks), Doves, Pigeons, Swans, Ratites, Ratite Eggs

Orange County, California (CA), is included in the Newcastle disease 
surveillance activities due to the lack of geophysical boundaries between 
Orange, Los Angeles, Riverside, and San Bernardino Counties.

Veterinary Services has worked with the U.S. Postal Service to affirm that 
poultry will not be able to move out of the quarantined areas through the mail.

State and federal animal health officials are conducting door-to-door 
surveys to identify fowl and other birds in the affected areas and are 
following up on epidemiological associations.  To date, depopulation, 
cleaning and disinfecting, and carcass disposal are being conducted by CDFA 
and APHIS.  CDFA has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions 
within the State of California.

The Newcastle disease situation is contained is still considered a single 
outbreak cluster within a 30-mile radius in Los Angeles County and along 
the Los Angeles/Riverside/San Bernardino County border.

Affected and exposed backyard poultry are being euthanized and 
double-bagged.  Task Force members are disinfecting the bags and 
transporting the carcasses to restricted landfills for burial.

All door-to-door surveillance, along with interviews has established that 
there have been no links to eastern States within the United States and no 
exposure to other backyard poultry to other States.

Local commercial table egg layer birds are being closely monitored and will 
only be allowed to move intrastate under CDFA monitoring and spent-hen 
movements restricted to the day they are scheduled for processing.

New Trade Issues:
Nothing new to report.

Please forward this information to your federal, State, and industry 
counterparts as necessary.

If you have questions about this situation please feel free to call USDA, 
APHIS, Veterinary Services, Emergency Programs at 800-940-6524, 
301-734-8073, or e-mail at EMOC@APHIS.USDA.GOV.

-----definitions---------
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on 
APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain 
impact on APHIS

--
Thomas E. Walton
<Thomas.E.Walton@usda.gov>

[see also:
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (10) 20021216.6077
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (09) 20021208.6014
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (08) 20021203.5958
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (07) 20021125.5893
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (06) 20021112.5780
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (05) 20021101.5689
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (04) 20021026.5646
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (03) 20021019.5603
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA) (02) 20021012.5533
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (TX): warning      20021006.5482
Newcastle disease, game birds - USA (CA): OIE      20021004.5468]
   ..........................................tg/dk




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