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Emergency Management Warning 99:

Exotic Newcastle Disease in the United States

Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of California and is now in the final phase of total eradication. For the past four weeks only five new backyard urban flocks have been detected and they were immediately depopulated. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has also recently taken the following significant regulatory actions:

1. A prohibition on the interstate and international movement of animals for fighting, which directly addressed gamefowl movements for fighting, was published in the Federal Register on May 12, 2003.

2. With the complete eradication of END in the States of Nevada and Arizona, effective

May 14, 2003, APHIS lifted federal quarantines on the five counties affected in Nevada and Arizona. Additionally, all Federal/State emergency response incident command posts in the two States have been closed.

3. With the successful eradication of END in the single index flock in Texas, the Federal/State incident command post in Socorro, TX, has also been closed.

APHIS is currently conducting END strategy meetings planning for final eradication and surveillance activities. Although all indicators show that END is nearing total eradication in the United States, APHIS is still conducting an enhanced national END surveillance program throughout the United States.


Current Statistics:
California
Personnel Assigned 940
Premises Currently Quarantined
15,195
Current Positive Premises
25 backyard
14 commercial
Current Contact Premises
15 backyard
1 commercial
Premises Pending Depopulation
6


Cumulative Statistics:
California
Texas
Arizona
Nevada
Total
Total Premises Quarantined
18,326
498
67
155
19,046
Total Premises Released
2,943
2
66
155
3,166
Total Positive Premises
920 (no change)
1 (no change)
1 (no change)
10 (no change)
932 (no change)

Total Premises Depopulated
2,449
41
6
147
2,643
Total Birds Depopulated
3,493,034
1,871
269
2,746
3,497,920
Counties with Currently Positive and/or Contact Premises
Kern
Los Angeles
Riverside
San Bernadino
San Diego
Ventura

Operational Update

Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

Effective February 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.

Effective May 14, 2003, Mohave and Yuma Counties, AZ, Nye County, NV, and portions of La Paz County, AZ, and Clark County, NV, were removed from the list of quarantined areas because of exotic Newcastle disease.

Effective April 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, TX, and Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero Counties, NM. The federal quarantine was placed on counties beyond the infected county due to their proximity to the infected county.

A quarantine was placed on a portion of New Mexico because of its proximity to the infected area in the State of Texas

Effective May 14, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from a portion of Kern County, CA.

The Incident Command Post in Texas has been closed. Operational activities have been completed. Intra-county movement restrictions are to be removed in El Paso County.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, and New Mexico. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas.

Effective May 13, 2003, operational activities at the Nevada Incident Command were officially complete and the Command was closed. Dr. David Thain, State Veterinarian for Nevada will handle any remaining inquiries. An Animal Health Technician will remain at the site to conduct truck disinfections.

Effective May 15, 2003, operational activities at the Arizona Incident Command were officially complete and the Command was closed. Dr. Dee Harris, Area Veterinarian in Charge will handle any remaining inquiries.

Effective June 5, 2003, APHIS removed Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero Counties, NM, Hudspeth County, TX, and portions of El Paso County, TX, from the list of quarantined areas. This action removes restrictions on the
movement of birds, poultry, and certain other articles
from those areas.

Outreach Activities

The Task Force greeted California's Secretary of Agriculture and other distinguished guests to acknowledge the valuable contributions of veterinarians from Baja California to Task Force efforts. The Secretary's
comments and subsequent question and answer period were also an opportunity to highlight the outstanding progress and accomplishments of the Task Force.

Definitions

Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.

  Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.
For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-601-9327 or email emoc@usda.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture

Nevada Department of Agriculture

Arizona Department of
Agriculture


Texas Animal Health Commission