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Emergency Management Warning 81:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 22
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. On April
9, 2003, END was confirmed in backyard fowl in Texas. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other federal government
personnel are working with the States to consider additional resources to
meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS has implemented a plan
for enhanced national END surveillance.
* Situation Update (as of 8:00 p.m. PST, April 13, 2003)
|Number of premises
|Number of premises
|Number of premises positive
||884 (up 3 from 4/11)
||1 (no change since 4/10)
||896 (up 3 from 4/11)|
|Number of contact premises
||1,534 (up 1
||27 (up 19 from 4/11)
||1,692 (up 20 from
|Number of premises depopulated
to be depopulated
|Counties with quarantined
* The last infected premises in Arizona was depopulated on February 7,
** The last infected premises in Nevada was depopulated on
January 29, 2003.
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
• Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
April 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all
of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, TX, and Dona Ana, Luna, and Otero
Counties, NM. The federal quarantine was placed on counties beyond the
infected county due to their proximity to the infected county.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary
emergency for the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, and New
Mexico. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within
Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas.
there are 22 commercial flocks in the State of California affected by END.
The breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as follows: 4
premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 7 premises in San
Diego County (7 infected), and 11 premises in San Bernardino County (11
• * Of the 2,588 premises designated for depopulation, 98.2%
have been completed.
• * APHIS' enhanced surveillance plan includes
the surveillance of 22,410 premises from the Central California Task
Force, 3,474 premises from the Inland Desert Task Force, and 750 premises
from the South Coast Task Force. All of these premises currently reside
outside the quarantined area in the State of California.
Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and
working cooperatively with approximately 15 – 20 county officials to
implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central
• * The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) distributed a 5,550 piece
END mail-out to veterinarians, bird owners, producers, and agriculture
teachers who do not have access to e-mail or fax machines. TAHC also faxed
to approximately 3,300 sites and e-mailed to an additional 30,000 sites
information regarding the END outbreak in Texas.
• * TAHC
veterinarians held a local news conference with the El Paso County, TX,
emergency preparedness officials to brief the public on the END
• On a daily basis, Task Force personnel are
communicating information concerning surveillance, depopulation, and
cleaning and disinfection operations to all affected city managers in
• Currently, Task Force information personnel
field approximately 450 calls per week from the public through the Joint
Information Center phone bank. This is a twenty-fold increase from the
number of calls in October 2002. On average, approximately 300 of these
calls require follow-up action by the Inland Desert or South Coast
Incident Command Posts.
• The Task Force information staff provides
daily updates to approximately 50 media outlets in California. In
addition, in Area Command alone, the information staff field approximately
70 media calls per week.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.