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Emergency Management Warning 60:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 19
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other federal government
personnel are working with the States to consider additional resources to
meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS has developed a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
* Situation Update (as of 8:00 p.m. PST, March 13, 2003)
|Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 3/13)
||* 827 (up 1 from 3/13)
||10 (no change from 3/13)
||* 838 (up 1 from 3/13)|
|Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 3/13)
||* 1,509 (up 2 from 3/13)
||128 (no change from 3/13)
||* 1,640 (up 2 from 3/13)|
|Number of premises depopulated
|Premises waiting to be depopulated
|Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
• Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
• The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
• Currently there are 19 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 6 premises in San Diego County (6 infected), and 9 premises in
San Bernardino County (9 infected).
• * Of the 2,478 premises
designated for depopulation, 93.3% have been completed.
• On March
12, 2003, an official from the President's Council on Homeland Security
and the Deputy Director of the Homeland Security Staff at USDA visited the
South Coast and Inland Desert Incident Command Posts to meet with Area and
Incident Commanders and other personnel, as well as to view Task Force
operations first hand.
• On March 10, 2003, the Central California
Incident Command, as well as representatives from Area Command, met with
County Agriculture Commissioners from the central California region. The
focus of the meeting was to explore ways that county personnel could be
utilized to carry out END surveillance. Personnel from Stanislaus County
are already conducting surveillance work based on a cooperative agreement
with the END Task Force. It is envisioned that similar agreements will be
reached, as the need arises, with other California counties in the
• The Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA,
is staffed and working cooperatively with approximately 15 – 20 county
officials to implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the
• The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC)
Group met March 5, 2003, to discuss the END situation, resource
availability, State personnel legislation, and future personnel needs. The
AgMAC is scheduled to have follow-up meetings weekly to address these
issues and any additional issues as they emerge.
• Task Force
personnel, in close collaboration with the California State Highway
Patrol, have agreed to establish an inspection station at the commercial
truck weighing station on Interstate 5 at Castaic. Personnel will perform
visual inspections of commercial vehicles that contain birds or poultry.
Further, California State Highway Patrol officers will remain alert for
commercial poultry vehicles they see in and around quarantine zones and
those officers will notify the Task Force with any information pertinent
to the Task Force mission.
• In the State of California, a new Task Force direct mail campaign has
begun. All residences currently under quarantine will receive a letter
thanking them for their continued cooperation and reminding them to
continue meeting all quarantine obligations until their premises are
• In Nevada, contact was made with the Latin
Chamber of Commerce, who were very receptive and willing to distribute
informational materials to local Hispanic merchants.
• Task Force
personnel at the South Coast Incident Command Post have begun distributing
END educational materials in the utility bills of residents who live in
areas highly affected by the virus.
• An interview was taped with
Dr. Collazo-Mattei to air in March on the Clark County, NV public access
• Public service announcements were recorded in both
English and Spanish to air on local radio stations in Nevada.
END handout was mailed to 350 veterinarians in Nevada.
• A full
page public service announcement was placed in the Nevada Spanish-language
weekly newspaper, "El Mundo."
• Surveillance operations have
contacted area feed stores, pet stores, and post offices to distribute
information materials in the State of Nevada.
• A community meeting
was held at Von Tobel Middle School (just outside the containment area in
Nevada). A PowerPoint program was presented followed by a brief question
and answer period. There were 35 community members in attendance.
A weekly media update was held at the staging area in Nevada to brief the
press about a new agreement for pet stores to begin selling birds under
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.