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Emergency Management Warning 58:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other federal government
personnel are working with the States to consider additional resources to
meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS has developed a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
* Situation Update (as of 8:00 p.m. PST, March 11, 2003)
|Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 3/11)
||* 819 (up 9 from 3/11)
||10 (no change from 3/11)
||* 830 (up 9 from 3/11)|
|Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 3/11)
||* 1,507 (up 5 from 3/11)
||128 (no change from 3/11)
||* 1,638 (up 5 from 3/11)|
|Number of premises depopulated
|Premises waiting to be depopulated
|Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in
San Bernardino County (8 infected).
* * Of the 2,468 premises
designated for depopulation, 92.2% have been completed.
* On March
10, 2003, the Central California Incident Command, as well as
representatives from Area Command, met with County Agriculture
Commissioners from the central California region. The focus of the meeting
was to explore ways that county personnel could be utilized to carry out
END surveillance. Personnel from Stanislaus County are already conducting
surveillance work based on a cooperative agreement with the END Task
Force. It is envisioned that similar agreements will be reached, as the
need arises, with other California counties in the region.
Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and
working cooperatively with approximately 15 – 20 county officials to
implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central
* The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group
met March 5, 2003, to discuss the END situation, resource availability,
State personnel legislation, and future personnel needs. The AgMAC is
scheduled to have follow-up meetings weekly to address these issues and
any additional issues as they emerge.
* Task Force personnel, in
close collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, have agreed
to establish an inspection station at the commercial truck weighing
station on Interstate 5 at Castaic. Personnel will perform visual
inspections of commercial vehicles that contain birds or poultry. Further,
California State Highway Patrol officers will remain alert for commercial
poultry vehicles they see in and around quarantine zones and those
officers will notify the Task Force with any information pertinent to the
Task Force mission.
* In the State of California, a new Task Force direct mail campaign
has begun. All residences currently under quarantine will receive a letter
thanking them for their continued cooperation and reminding them to
continue meeting all quarantine obligations until their premises are
* In Nevada, contact was made with the Latin
Chamber of Commerce, who were very receptive and willing to distribute
informational materials to local Hispanic merchants.
* Task Force
personnel at the South Coast Incident Command Post have begun distributing
END educational materials in the utility bills of residents who live in
areas highly affected by the virus.
* An interview was taped with
Dr. Collazo-Mattei to air in March on the Clark County, NV public access
* Public service announcements were recorded in both
English and Spanish to air on local radio stations in Nevada.
END handout was mailed to 350 veterinarians in Nevada.
* A full
page public service announcement was placed in the Nevada Spanish-language
weekly newspaper, "El Mundo."
* Surveillance operations have
contacted area feed stores, pet stores, and post offices to distribute
information materials in the State of Nevada.
* A community meeting
was held at Von Tobel Middle School (just outside the containment area in
Nevada). A PowerPoint program was presented followed by a brief question
and answer period. There were 35 community members in attendance.
A weekly media update was held at the staging area in Nevada to brief the
press about a new agreement for pet stores to begin selling birds under
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.