USDA | MRP
Return to Home
Emergency Management Warning 57:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other federal government
personnel are working with the States to consider additional resources to
meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS has developed a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
* Situation Update (as of 8:00 p.m. PST, March 10, 2003)
|Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 3/10)
||* 810 (up 10 from 3/10)
||10 (no change from 3/10)
||* 821 (up 10 from 3/10)|
|Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 3/10)
||* 1,502 (down 3 from 3/10)
||128 (no change from 3/10)
||* 1,633 (down 3 from 3/10)|
|Number of premises depopulated
|Premises waiting to be depopulated
|Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in
San Bernardino County (8 infected).
* Of the 2,454 premises designated
for depopulation, 92.0% have been completed.
* On March 10, 2003,
the Central California Incident Command, as well as representatives from
Area Command, met with County Agriculture Commissioners from the central
California region. The focus of the meeting was to explore ways that
county personnel could be utilized to carry out END surveillance.
Personnel from Stanislaus County are already conducting surveillance work
based on a cooperative agreement with the END Task Force. It is envisioned
that similar agreements will be reached, as the need arises, with other
California counties in the region.
* The Central Valley Incident
Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with
approximately 15 – 20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance
measures throughout the Central Valley.
* The Agriculture
Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met March 5, 2003, to discuss the
END situation, resource availability, State personnel legislation, and
future personnel needs. The AgMAC is scheduled to have follow-up meetings
weekly to address these issues and any additional issues as they
* Task Force personnel, in close collaboration with the
California State Highway Patrol, have agreed to establish an inspection
station at the commercial truck weighing station on Interstate 5 at
Castaic. Personnel will perform visual inspections of commercial vehicles
that contain birds or poultry. Further, California State Highway Patrol
officers will remain alert for commercial poultry vehicles they see in and
around quarantine zones and those officers will notify the Task Force with
any information pertinent to the Task Force mission.
* Under a new Task Force direct mail campaign, all residences
currently under quarantine will be receiving a letter thanking them for
their continued cooperation and reminding them to continue meeting all
quarantine obligations until their premises are officially
* Task Force personnel at the Inland Desert Incident
Command Post have begun distributing END educational materials in the
utility bills of residents who live in areas highly affected by the
* On a daily basis, Task Force personnel are communicating
information concerning surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and
disinfecting operations to all affected City Managers in Southern
* Currently, Task Force information personnel field
approximately 450 calls per week from the public through the Joint
Information Center phone bank. This is a twenty-fold increase from the
number of calls from early October 2002. On average, approximately 300 of
these calls require follow-up action by the Inland Desert or South Coast
Incident Command Posts.
* The Task Force information staff provides
daily updates to approximately 50 media outlets in California. In
addition, in Area Command alone, the information staff fields
approximately 70 media calls per week.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.