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Emergency Management Warning 52:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel and other federal government
personnel are working with the States to consider additional resources to
meet the labor demands at the Task Forces. APHIS has developed a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, March 3, 2003)
|*Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 3/3)
||* 744 (up 23 from 2/28)
||9 (no change from 3/3)
||* 759 (up 5 from 3/3)|
|*Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 3/3)
||* 1,500 (up 16 from 3/3)
||126 (no change from 3/3)
||* 1,629 (up 16 from 3/3)|
|*Number of premises depopulated
|*Premises waiting to be depopulated
|*Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in
San Bernardino County (8 infected).
* * Of the 2,388 premises
designated for depopulation, 86.6% have been completed.
conjunction with the outreach efforts of the Central California Command
post, Stanislaus County personnel have begun END surveillance efforts.
This cooperative approach was finalized in an agreement signed by Task
Force and County officials last week. Similar agreements with
approximately 15 other counties in that region should soon
* The California Department of Fish and Game is in the
process of providing educational material about END to State hunting
license vendors for distribution in their establishments. The Department
is also hosting a Turkey Hunting Expo this weekend and plans to distribute
information about the disease to attendees. Additionally, on March 8,
2003, the officials from the Department will be distributing END
information to participants attending a wildlife rehabilitation seminar in
Santa Barbara. A representative from the Department serves as an Agency
Representative to Area Command.
* The Central Valley Incident
Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with
approximately 15 – 20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance
measures throughout the Central Valley.
* The Agriculture
Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 26, 2003, to
discuss the END situation, resource availability, State personnel
legislation, and future personnel needs. The AgMAC is scheduled to have a
follow-up meeting March 5, 2003, and will meet weekly to address issues as
* Three Veterinarians from the Mexican State of Baja
California arrived for duty with the Task Force. The veterinarians are
part of an eight-member volunteer unit, ad they will be stationed at the
Inland Desert Incident Command Post (ICP).
* An expert panel on
poultry diseases visited the Inland Desert ICP, the South Coast ICP, and
the San Bernardino laboratory locations to discuss testing, permitting,
risk assessment, and industry relationships. Members of the group include
representatives from the Agriculture Research Service, the University of
Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, and the
University of California at Davis.
* Task Force personnel, in close
collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, have agreed to
establish an inspection station at the commercial truck weighing station
on Interstate 5 at Castaic. Personnel will perform visual inspections of
commercial vehicles that contain birds or poultry. Further, California
State Highway Patrol officers will remain alert for commercial poultry
vehicles they see in and around quarantine zones and those officers will
notify the Task Force with any information pertinent to the Task Force
* This week, Task Force personnel from the Las Vegas Incident Command
Post met with officials from the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce in Las
Vegas. Chamber of Commerce officials plan to assist the Task Force mission
by distributing END educational materials at Hispanic grocery
* Task Force personnel at the South Coast Incident Command
Post have begun distributing END educational materials in the utility
bills of residents who live in areas highly affected by the
* On a daily basis, Task Force public information personnel
are communicating information concerning surveillance, depopulation, and
cleaning and disinfection operations to all affected city managers in
* Currently, Task Force information personnel
field approximately 450 calls per week from the public through the Joint
Information Center phone bank. This is a twenty-fold increase from the
number of calls from early October 2002. On average, approximately 300 of
these calls require follow-up action by the Inland Desert or South Coast
Incident Command Posts.
* The Task Force information staff provides
daily updates to approximately 35 media outlets in California. In
addition, in Area Command alone, the information staff fields
approximately 70 media calls per week.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.