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Emergency Management Warning 50:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is
working with the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor
demands. APHIS has developed a plan for nation END surveillance. This plan
will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway.
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 27, 2003)
|*Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/27)
||* 721 (up 12 from 2/27)
||* 9 (up 1 from 2/27)
||* 731 (up 12 from 2/27)|
|*Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/27)
||* 1,431 (up 131 from 2/27)
||* 126 (down 1 from 2/26)
||* 1,560 (up 131 from 2/27)|
|*Number of premises depopulated
|*Premises waiting to be depopulated
|*Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Operational Update
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in
San Bernardino County (8 infected).
* * Of the 2,291 premises
designated for depopulation, 88.6% have been completed.
* * The
California Department of Fish and Game is in the process of providing
educational material about END to State hunting license vendors for
distribution in their establishments. The Department is also hosting a
Turkey Hunting Expo this weekend and plans to distribute information about
the disease to attendees. Additionally, on March 8, 2003, the officials
from the Department will be distributing END information to participants
attending a wildlife rehabilitation seminar in Santa Barbara. A
representative from the Department serves as an Agency Representative to
* The Central Valley Incident Command Post in
Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with approximately 15 –
20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance measures
throughout the Central Valley.
* The Agriculture Multi-Agency
Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 26, 2003, to discuss the END
situation, resource availability, State personnel legislation, and future
personnel needs. The AgMAC is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting March
5, 2003, and will meet weekly to address issues as they emerge.
Three Veterinarians from the Mexican State of Baja California arrived for
duty with the Task Force. The veterinarians are part of an eight-member
volunteer unit, ad they will be stationed at the Inland Desert Incident
Command Post (ICP).
* An expert panel on poultry diseases visited
the Inland Desert ICP, the South Coast ICP, and the San Bernardino
laboratory locations to discuss testing, permitting, risk assessment, and
industry relationships. Members of the group include representatives from
the Agriculture Research Service, Penn State University, Ohio State
University, and the University of California at Davis.
* An interview was taped with Dr. Collazo-Mattei to air in March on the
Clark County, NV public access channel.
* Public service
announcements were recorded in both English and Spanish to air on local
radio stations in Nevada.
* Information was electronically mailed
to gamefowl breeders in the United States.
* An END handout was
mailed to 350 veterinarians in Nevada.
* A full page public service
announcement was placed in the Nevada Spanish-language weekly newspaper,
* Surveillance operations have contacted area feed
stores, pet stores, and post offices to distribute information materials
the State of Nevada.
* A community meeting was held at Von
Tobel Middle School (just outside the containment area in Nevada). A
PowerPoint program was presented followed by a brief question and answer
period. There were 35 community members in attendance.
* A weekly
media update was held at the staging area in Nevada to brief the press
about a new agreement for pet stores to begin selling birds under special
* An informational booth at the western States
Veterinary Association's Annual Conference was staffed to distribute
information and recruit veterinarians to assist in the current outbreak.
The conference was held at the Mandaley Bay Hotel in Las Vegas,
* On February 16, 2003, informational materials were
distributed at a Wal-Mart store in Nevada adjacent to the 3K buffer zone
and a park within the 3K buffer zone.
* On February 15, 2003, a
meeting was held with the Silver State pigeon racing association located
within the 3K buffer zone in Nevada. A short presentation was followed by
questions and answers.
* On February 9, 2003, a presentation was
given to the Las Vegas Bird Club explaining the current outbreak of END
and its impact on the transportation and health of exotic birds.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.