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Emergency Management Warning 49:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is
working with the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor
demands. APHIS has developed a plan for nation END surveillance. This plan
enhances the already extensive surveillance underway.
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 26, 2003)
|*Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/26)
||* 709 (up 5 from 2/26)
||* 9 (up 1 from 2/26)
||* 719 (up 6 from 2/26)|
|*Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/26)
||* 1,300 (up 1 from 2/26)
||* 126 (down 1 from 2/26)
||1,429 (no change from 2/26)|
|*Number of premises depopulated
|*Premises waiting to be depopulated
|*Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Operational Update
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in
San Bernardino County (8 infected).
* * Of the 2,148 premises
designated for depopulation, 92.6% have been completed.
Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and
working cooperatively with approximately 15 – 20 county officials to
implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central
* * The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group
met on February 26, 2003, to discuss the END situation, resource
availability, State personnel legislation, and future personnel needs. The
AgMAC is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting March 5, 2003, and will
meet weekly to address issues as they emerge.
* * Three
Veterinarians from the Mexican State of Baja California arrived for duty
with the Task Force. The veterinarians are part of an eight-member
volunteer unit, ad they will be stationed at the Inland Desert Incident
Command Post (ICP).
* * An expert panel on poultry diseases visited
the Inland Desert ICP, the South Coast ICP, and the San Bernardino
laboratory locations to discuss testing, permitting, risk assessment, and
industry relationships. Members of the group include representatives from
the Agriculture Research Service, Penn State University, Ohio State
University, and the University of California at Davis.
* APHIS has
developed a distributed a plan to enhance national END surveillance. This
plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway in Arizona,
California and Nevada.
* Outreach Activities
* * An interview was taped with Dr. Collazo-Mattei to air in March on
the Clark County, NV public access channel.
* * Public service
announcements were recorded in both English and Spanish to air on local
radio stations in Nevada.
* * Information was electronically mailed
to gamefowl breeders in the United States.
* * An END handout was
mailed to 350 veterinarians in Nevada.
* * A full page public
service announcement was placed in the Nevada Spanish-language weekly
newspaper, "El Mundo."
* * Surveillance operations have contacted
area feed stores, pet stores, and post offices to distribute information
materials in the State of Nevada.
* * A community meeting was held
at Von Tobel Middle School (just outside the containment area in Nevada).
A PowerPoint program was presented followed by a brief question and answer
period. There were 35 community members in attendance.
* * Weekly
media updates are held at the staging area in Nevada to brief the press
about END. The most recent update focused on a new agreement for pet
stores to begin selling birds under special circumstances.
* * An
informational booth at the western States Veterinary Association's Annual
Conference was staffed to distribute information and recruit veterinarians
to assist in the current outbreak. The conference was held at the Mandaley
Bay Hotel in Las Vegas, NV.
* On February 16, 2003, informational
materials were distributed at a Wal-Mart store in Nevada adjacent to the
3K buffer zone and a park within the 3K buffer zone.
* On February
15, 2003, a meeting was held with the Silver State pigeon racing
association located within the 3K buffer zone in Nevada. A short
presentation was followed by questions and answers.
* On February
9, 2003, a presentation was given to the Las Vegas Bird Club explaining
the current outbreak of END and its impact on the transportation and
health of exotic birds.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.