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Emergency Management Warning 48:

Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States

All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*) identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.

Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 25, 2003)

Grand Total
Number of premises quarantined 11 11,331 135 11,477
Number of premises positive 1 (no change from 2/25) 704 (up 4 from 2/25) 8 (no change from 2/25) 713 (up 4 from 2/25)
Number of contact premises 3 (no change from 2/25) 1,299 (down 4 from 2/25) 127 (up 1 from 2/25) 1,429 (down 3 from 2/25)
Number of premises depopulated 4 1,846 135 1,985
Premises waiting to be depopulated 0 157 0 157
Birds depopulated to date 239 2,452,124 2,560 2,454,923
Counties with positive flocks La Paz Los Angeles
San Bernardino
San Diego

Operational Update

* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.

* Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.

* Effective February 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.

* The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and Nevada.

* Currently there are 17 commercial flocks in the State of California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 5 counties in San Diego County (5 infected), and 8 premises in San Bernardino County (8 infected).

* Of the 2,142 premises designated for depopulation, 92.7% have been completed.

* The Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with approximately 15 20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central Valley.

* The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 12, 2003, to discuss interagency agreements and agency resource allocations. The AgMAC is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting today, and will meet weekly to address issues as they emerge.

* Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected birds and materials.

* Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically possible.

* Task Force personnel, in close collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are exploring the possibility of establishing inspection stations on Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and voluntary compliance issues.

* APHIS has developed a distributed a plan to enhance national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway in Arizona, California and Nevada.

* CDFA's Division of Fairs and Expositions has issued an official recommendation that the California Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all poultry shows for the 2003 fairs seasons.

Outreach Activities

* An informational booth at the western States Veterinary Association's Annual Conference was staffed to distribute information and recruit veterinarians to assist in the current outbreak. The conference was held at the Mandaley Bay Hotel in Las Vegas, NV.

* On February 16, 2003, informational materials were distributed at a Wal-Mart store in Nevada adjacent to the 3K buffer zone and a park within the 3K buffer zone.

* On February 15, 2003, a meeting was held with the Silver State pigeon racing association located within the 3K buffer zone in Nevada. A short presentation was followed by questions and answers.

* On February 9, 2003, a presentation was given to the Las Vegas Bird Club explaining the current outbreak of END and its impact on the transportation and health of exotic birds.


Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.

  Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.
For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email

California Department of Food and Agriculture

Nevada Department of Agriculture

Arizona Department of