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Emergency Management Warning 46:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 17
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is
working with the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor
demands. APHIS has developed a plan for nation END surveillance. This plan
will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 23, 2003)
|Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/21)
||* 694 (up 23 from 2/21)
||8 (no change from 2/21)
||* 703 (up 23 from 2/21)|
|Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/21)
||* 1,300 (up 50 from 2/21)
||* 126 (up 5 from 2/21)
||* 1,429 (up 55 from 2/21)|
|Number of premises released
||0 (no change from 2/21)
||10 (no change from 2/21)
||0 (no change from 2/21)
||* 10 (no change from 2/21)|
|Number of premises depopulated
|Premises waiting to be depopulated
|Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003,
APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement
of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles,
Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura
* Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal
quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds
and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
Effective February 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave
* The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California,
and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority
within Arizona, California and Nevada.
* * Currently there are 17
commercial flocks in the State of California affected by END. The
breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as follows: 4 premises in
Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 5 counties in San Diego
County (5 infected), and 8 premises in San Bernardino County (8
* * Of the 2,132 premises designated for depopulation,
90.9% have been completed.
* The Central Valley Incident Command
Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with
approximately 15 – 20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance
measures throughout the Central Valley.
* The Agriculture
Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 12, 2003, to
discuss interagency agreements and agency resource allocations. The AgMAC
is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting on February 26, 2003, and will
meet weekly to address issues as they emerge.
* Once affected
premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are
being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and
rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected birds and
* Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
* Task Force personnel, in close
collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are exploring the
possibility of establishing inspection stations on Interstate 5. Personnel
are also discussing border control and voluntary compliance
* APHIS has developed and distributed a plan to enhance
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
surveillance underway in Arizona, California and Nevada.
Division of Fairs and Expositions has issued an official recommendation
that the California Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all
poultry shows for the 2003 fairs seasons.
* Thirty-second Public Service Announcements
(PSA) will begin airing on both Spanish- and English-language television
stations in Southern California. The announcements encourage citizens to
report any sick or dying birds.
* Thirty-second PSA's will begin
airing on Spanish-language radio stations in the greater Southern
California radio market area.
* Public information officers
provided on-site support to depopulation crews within the designated area
in Little Rock, CA.
* Task Force information staff sent Power Point
presentations on biosecurity for commercial and backyard premises to all
Incident Command Posts.
* Task Force information personnel are
sending information materials to the Central Valley Incident Command Post
(ICP) for use in surveillance. In addition, a public information officer
has been identified for assignment to the Central Valley ICP.
Public information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force with the
Garden Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area Command's and the
South Coast ICP's move later this month to a new facility.
Presently, the public information staff has four additional public
meetings scheduled between now and March 10th. This is exclusive of
meetings scheduled with bird clubs and other industry associations.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.