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Emergency Management Warning 45:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 15
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
Arizona, California, and Nevada and is exploring all options to send
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other
federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to
develop a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the
already extensive surveillance underway.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 20, 2003)
|Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/20)
||671 (up 25 from 2/20)
||8 (no change from 2/20)
||680 (up 25 from 2/20)|
|Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/20)
||1,250 (up 1 from 2/20)
||121 (no change from 2/20)
||1,374 (up 1 from 2/20)|
|Number of premises released
||0 (no change from 2/20)
||10 (no change from 2/20)
||0 (no change from 2/20)
||10 (no change from 2/20)|
|Number of premises depopulated
|Premises waiting to be depopulated
|Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* Currently there are 15 commercial flocks in the State of
California affected by END. The breakdown of the commercial premises
involved is as follows: 4 premises in Riverside County (3 infected and 1
contacts), 4 counties in San Diego County (4 infected), and 7 premises in
San Bernardino County (7 infected).
* Of the 2,054 premises
designated for depopulation, 89.8% have been completed.
Central Valley Incident Command Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and
working cooperatively with approximately 15 – 20 county officials to
implement efficient surveillance measures throughout the Central
* The Agriculture Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group
met on February 12, 2003, to discuss interagency agreements and agency
resource allocations. The AgMAC is scheduled to have a follow-up meeting
on February 26, 2003, and will meet weekly to address issues as they
* Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely
depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal of
affected birds and materials.
* Task Force personnel are conducting
a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological
investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be
monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will
quarantine the premises immediately and order the destruction of the flock
as soon as it is logistically possible.
* Task Force personnel, in
close collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are
exploring the possibility of establishing inspection stations on
Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and voluntary
* APHIS has developed a distributed a plan to
enhance national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already
extensive surveillance underway in Arizona, California and
* CDFA's Division of Fairs and Expositions has issued an
official recommendation that the California Fairs Boards adopt a local
policy to suspend all poultry shows for the 2003 fairs seasons.
* Within the week,
thirty-second Public Service Announcements (PSA) will begin airing on both
Spanish- and English-language television stations in Southern California.
The announcements encourage citizens to report any sick or dying
* This week, thirty-second PSA's will begin airing on
Spanish-language radio stations in the greater southern California radio
* Public information officers provided on-site support
to depopulation crews within the designated area in Little Rock,
* Task Force information staff sent Power Point presentations
on biosecurity for commercial and backyard premises to all Incident
* Task Force information personnel are sending
information materials to the Central Valley Incident Command Post (ICP)
for use in surveillance. In addition, a public information officer has
been identified for assignment to the Central Valley ICP.
information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force with the Garden
Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area Command's and the South
Coast ICP's move later this month to a new facility.
the public information staff has four additional public meetings scheduled
between now and March 10th. This is exclusive of meetings scheduled with
bird clubs and other industry associations.
* Task Force public
information personnel have reviewed all publications currently used by
field crews and are in the process of revising these documents to make
them more reader-friendly. Task Force information personnel are designing
and preparing for distribution a door-hanger/information envelope for use
by field crews at individual residences in affected areas.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.