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Emergency Management Warning 43:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect 15
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
Arizona, California, and Nevada and is exploring all options to send
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other
federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to
develop a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the
already extensive surveillance underway.
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 18, 2003)
|* Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/14)
||* 638 (up 57 from 2/14)
||8 (no change from 2/14)
||* 647 (up 57 from 2/14)|
|* Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/14)
||* 1,247 (up 46 from 2/14)
||* 121 (up 6 from 2/14)
||* 1,371 (up 52 from 2/14)|
|Number of premises released
||0 (no change from 2/14)
||* 8 (down 2 from 2/14)
||* 0 (down 1 from 2/14)
||* 8 (down 3 from 2/14)|
|* Number of premises depopulated
|* Premises waiting to be depopulated
|* Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Operaional Update
* Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
* Effective February 10,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of La Paz
and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave County, AZ.
* The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within Arizona, California and
* * Sequencing results have confirmed two new infected
commercial premises in San Diego County, CA.
* * Currently there
are 15 commercial flocks in the State of California affected by END. The
breakdown of the commercial premises involved is as follows: 4 premises in
Riverside County (3 infected and 1 contact), 4 counties in San Diego
County (4 infected), and 7 premises in San Bernardino County (7
* * Of the 2,018 premises designated for depopulation,
87.6% have been completed.
* * The Central Valley Incident Command
Post in Modesto, CA, is staffed and working cooperatively with
approximately 15 – 20 county officials to implement efficient surveillance
measures throughout the Central Valley.
* The Agriculture
Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 12, 2003, to
discuss interagency agreements and agency resource allocations. The AgMAC
is scheduled to have a follow-up meting on February 26, 2003, and will
meet weekly to address issues as they emerge.
* Once affected
premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are
being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and
rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected birds and
* Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
* Task Force personnel, in close
collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are exploring the
possibility of establishing inspection stations on Interstate 5. Personnel
are also discussing border control and voluntary compliance
* APHIS has developed an distributed a plan to enhance
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
surveillance underway in Arizona, California and Nevada.
Division of Fairs and Expositions has issued an official recommendation
that the California Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all
poultry shows for the 2003 fairs seasons.
* * Within the week, thirty-second Public
Service Announcements (PSA) will begin airing on both Spanish- and
English-language television stations in Southern California. The
announcements encourage citizens to report any sick or dying
* * This week, thirty-second PSA's will begin airing on
Spanish-language radio stations in the greater southern California radio
* Public information officers provided on-site support
to depopulation crews within the designated area in Little Rock,
* Reporters from National Geographic interviewed Task Force
Co-Area Commanders for use in a 4 to 5 minute news segment on END and Task
Force activities that will air on the "National Geographic Today" program
on the National Geographic Channel. The public information staff provided
National Geographic with footage of field work.
* Task Force
information staff sent Power Point presentations on biosecurity for
commercial and backyard premises to all Incident Command Posts.
Task Force information personnel are sending information materials to the
Central Valley Incident Command Post (ICP) for use in surveillance. In
addition, a public information officer has been identified for assignment
to the Central Valley ICP.
* Task Force information personnel
coordinated a joint press release with the Colorado River Indian Tribe to
announce the newly designated infected backyard premises in Arizona. Since
the announcement, the information staff has received over 20 media calls
related to the newly designated infected premises in the State.
Public information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force with the
Garden Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area Command's and the
South Coast ICP's move later this month to a new facility.
Presently, the public information staff has nine public meetings scheduled
between now and March 10th. This is exclusive of meetings scheduled with
bird clubs and other industry associations.
* Task Force public
information personnel have reviewed all publications currently used by
field crews and are in the process of revising these documents to make
them more reader-friendly. Task Force information personnel are designing
and preparing for distribution a door-hanger/information envelope for use
by field crews at individual residences in affected areas.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.