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Emergency Management Warning 42:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect thirteen
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
Arizona, California, and Nevada and is exploring all options to send
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other
federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to
develop a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the
already extensive surveillance underway.
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 13, 2003)
|* Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/13)
||581 (up 15 from 2/13)
||8 (no change from 2/12)
||590 (up 15 from 2/13)|
|* Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/13)
||1,201 (up 5 from 2/13)
||115 (no change from 2/13)
||1,319 (up 5 from 2/13)|
|Number of premises released
||0 (no change from 2/13)
||10 (no change from 2/13)
||1 (up 1 from 2/13)
||11 (up 1 from 2/13)|
|* Number of premises depopulated
|* Premises waiting to be depopulated
|* Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003,
APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement
of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles,
Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura
* Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal
quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds
and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
Effective February 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave
* The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California,
and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority
within Arizona, California and Nevada.
* * Sequencing results have
confirmed one new infected commercial premises in San Bernardino County,
CA. This new finding brings the total commercial flocks affected by END to
* * Of the 1,909 premises designated for depopulation,
86.4% have been completed.
* * The Agriculture Multi-Agency
Coordination (AgMAC) Group met on February 12, 2003, to discuss
interagency agreements and agency resource allocations. The AgMAC is
scheduled to have a follow-up meting on February 19, 2003.
affected premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated, affected
areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, composting,
and rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected birds and
* Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
* Task Force personnel, in close
collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are exploring the
possibility of establishing inspection stations on Interstate 5. Personnel
are also discussing border control and voluntary compliance
* APHIS has developed a plan to enhance national END
surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance
underway in Arizona, California and Nevada.
* CDFA's Division of
Fairs and Expositions has issued an official recommendation that the
California Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all poultry shows
for the 2003 fairs seasons.
* Task Force information staff distributed five
public service announcements in English and Spanish to radio stations in
the greater Las Vegas, NV, area. Information personnel are also currently
working with Las Vegas cable access channels to promote Task Force
* Public information officers provided on-site support
to depopulation crews within the designated area in Little Rock,
* Reporters from National Geographic interviewed Task Force
Co-Area Commanders for use in a 4 to 5 minute news segment on END and Task
Force activities that will air on the "National Geographic Today" program
on the National Geographic Channel. The public information staff provided
National Geographic with footage of field work.
* Task Force
information staff sent Power Point presentations on biosecurity for
commercial and backyard premises to all Incident Command Posts.
Task Force information personnel are sending information materials to the
Central Valley Incident Command Post (ICP) for use in surveillance. In
addition, a public information officer has been identified for assignment
to the Central Valley ICP.
* Task Force information personnel
coordinated a joint press release with the Colorado River Indian Tribe to
announce the newly designated infected backyard premises in Arizona. Since
the announcement, the information staff has received over 20 media calls
related to the newly designated infected premises in the State.
Public information staff provided liaison work for the Task Force with the
Garden Grove Police Department in anticipation of Area Command's and the
South Coast ICP's move later this month to a new facility.
Presently, the public information staff has nine public meetings scheduled
between now and March 10th. This is exclusive of meetings scheduled with
bird clubs and other industry associations.
* Task Force public
information personnel have reviewed all publications currently used by
field crews and are in the process of revising these documents to make
them more reader-friendly. Task Force information personnel are designing
and preparing for distribution a door-hanger/information envelope for use
by field crews at individual residences in affected areas.
PowerPoint presentations designed to help inform the public about END have
been revised and distributed to all ICP's.
* On a daily basis, Task
Force public information personnel are communicating information
concerning surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection
operations to all affected city managers in Southern California.
Currently, Task Force information personnel field approximately 450 calls
per week from the public. This is a twenty-fold increase from the number
of calls from early October 2002. On average, approximately 300 of these
calls require follow-up action by the
Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on