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Emergency Management Warning 41:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*)
identifies changes since the last Notice was sent out.
Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of
California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect eight
commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. A backyard flock was
confirmed with END on February 4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical
signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
Arizona, California, and Nevada and is exploring all options to send
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other
federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to
develop a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the
already extensive surveillance underway.
* Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 12, 2003)
|* Number of premises positive
||1 (no change from 2/12)
||566 (up 6 from 2/12)
||8 (no change from 2/12)
||575 (up 6 from 2/12)|
|* Number of contact premises
||3 (no change from 2/12)
||1,196 (up 8 from 2/12)
||115 (up 9 from 2/12)
||1,314 (up 17 from 2/12)|
|Number of premises released
||0 (no change from 2/12)
||10 (no change from 2/12)
||0 (no change from 2/12)
||10 (no change from 2/12)|
|* Number of premises depopulated
|* Premises waiting to be depopulated
|* Birds depopulated to date
|Counties with positive flocks
* Effective January 7, 2003,
APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement
of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles,
Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura
* Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal
quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds
and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
Effective February 10, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from all of La Paz and Yuma Counties and a portion of Mohave
* The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of Arizona, California,
and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority
within Arizona, California and Nevada.
* * Sequencing results have
confirmed four new infected commercial premises. Two of the premises are
located in San Bernardino County, CA; one is located in Riverside County,
CA; and one is located in San Diego County, CA. The finding of these four
new commercial flocks brings the total commercial flocks in California
affected by END to 12 flocks.
* * Of the 1,899 premises designated
for depopulation, 86.1% have been completed.
* * The Agriculture
Multi-Agency Coordination (AgMAC) Group met February 12, 2003.
Approximately ten USDA agency representatives met to get an overview of
the END situation and discuss interagency agreements and agency resource
allocations. A follow-up meeting is scheduled for February 19,
* Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely
depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal of
affected birds and materials.
* Task Force personnel are conducting
a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological
investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be
monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will
quarantine the premises immediately and order the destruction of the flock
as soon as it is logistically possible.
* Task Force personnel, in
close collaboration with the California State Highway Patrol, are
exploring the possibility of establishing inspection stations on
Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and voluntary
* APHIS is developing a plan to enhance national
END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
surveillance underway in California and Nevada. An ICP is being
established in Arizona.
* CDFA's Division of Fairs and Expositions
has issued an official recommendation that the California Fairs Boards
adopt a local policy to suspend all poultry shows for the 2003 fairs
* Task Force
information staff distributed five public service announcements in English
and Spanish to radio stations in the greater Las Vegas, NV, area.
Information personnel are also currently working with Las Vegas cable
access channels to promote Task Force activities.
information officers provided on-site support to depopulation crews within
the designated area in Little Rock, CA.
* Reporters from National
Geographic interviewed Task Force Co-Area Commanders for use in a 4 to 5
minute news segment on END and Task Force activities that will air on the
"National Geographic Today" program on the National Geographic Channel.
The public information staff provided National Geographic with footage of
* Task Force information staff sent Power Point
presentations on biosecurity for commercial and backyard premises to all
Incident Command Posts.
* Task Force information personnel are
sending information materials to the Central Valley Incident Command Post
(ICP) for use in surveillance. In addition, a public information officer
has been identified for assignment to the Central Valley ICP.
Task Force information personnel coordinated a joint press release with
the Colorado River Indian Tribe to announce the newly designated infected
backyard premises in Arizona. Since the announcement, the information
staff has received over 20 media calls related to the newly designated
infected premises in the State.
* Public information staff provided
liaison work for the Task Force with the Garden Grove Police Department in
anticipation of Area Command's and the South Coast ICP's move later this
month to a new facility.
* Presently, the public information staff
has nine public meetings scheduled between now and March 10th. This is
exclusive of meetings scheduled with bird clubs and other industry
* Task Force public information personnel have
reviewed all publications currently used by field crews and are in the
process of revising these documents to make them more reader-friendly.
Task Force information personnel are designing and preparing for
distribution a door-hanger/information envelope for use by field crews at
individual residences in affected areas.
* PowerPoint presentations
designed to help inform the public about END have been revised and
distributed to all ICP's.
* On a daily basis, Task Force public
information personnel are communicating information concerning
surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection operations to
all affected city managers in Southern California.
Task Force information personnel field approximately 450 calls per week
from the public. This is a twenty-fold increase from the number of calls
from early October 2002. On average, approximately 300 of these calls
require follow-up action by the ICP's.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.