USDA | MRP
Return to Home Page
Emergency Management Warning 35:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
All information in the following Notice marked with an asterisk (*) identifies changes since the last Notice
was sent out.
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on
October 1, 2002, in the State of California, and has now spread beyond
backyard flocks to affect seven commercial operations in California. On
January 16, 2003, END was also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State
of Nevada. An additional backyard flock was confirmed with END on February
4, 2003, in the State of Arizona. Clinical signs in infected birds include
respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs. Mortality is up to 90%
of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending
final validation. Veterinary Services is working rapidly to expand staff
on the Task Force in the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada and is
exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
(APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is working with
the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor demands.
APHIS is continuing to develop a plan for national END surveillance. This
plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance underway in Arizona,
California, and Nevada.
* Arizona Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in La
Paz County, AZ. APHIS is currently developing a federal quarantine for the
affected area in Arizona. APHIS and the State of Arizona have begun
surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and have established
a Task Force in Arizona.
Number of premises positive:
Number of contact premises: 1
Number of premises released:
Number of premises depopulated: 1
Premises waiting to be
Birds depopulated to date: 50
positive flocks: La Paz
* Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has also
declared an extraordinary emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have
begun surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and have
established a Task Force in Nevada.
premises positive: 7 (no change from 2/4 report)
Number of contact
premises: 90 (up 1 from 2/4 report)
Number of premises released: 0
(no change from 2/4 report)
Number of premises depopulated:
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 1
to date: 1,670
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
* California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 4, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Number of premises
positive: 492 (up 9 from 2/4 report)
Number of contact premises:
1,046 (up 8 from 2/4 report)
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles,
Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa
Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
· Effective January 17, 2003,
APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement
of all species of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of
Nye County, NV.
· The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
declared an extraordinary emergency for the States of California and
Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within
California and Nevada.
* · Sequencing results
have confirmed a new commercial premises in San Bernardino County,
* · Of the 1,649 premises designated for depopulation, 90.5%
have been completed.
· Once affected premises are identified
and birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly
cleaned and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and rendering are being
used for safe disposal of affected birds and materials.
Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify
affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities
that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock
tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and
order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically possible.
Currently, a net total of 8,958 premises have been quarantined in Arizona,
California, and Nevada.
· Veterinary officials from Mexico are
observing Task Force surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and
disinfection operations in California, Nevada, and Arizona through the end
of this week.
· APHIS is developing a plan for national END
surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance
underway in California and Nevada. Currently, an Incident Command Post is
being established in Arizona.
· Presently, the public information staff has
nine public meetings scheduled between now and March 10th. This is
exclusive of meetings scheduled with bird clubs and other industry
· Task Force public information personnel have
reviewed all publications currently used by field crews and are in the
process of revising these documents to make them more reader-friendly.
Task Force information personnel are designing and preparing for
distribution a door-hanger/information envelope for use by field crews at
individual residences in affected areas.
PowerPoint presentations designed to help inform the public about END have
been revised and distributed to all Incident Command Posts
· On a daily basis, Task Force public information
personnel are communicating information concerning surveillance,
depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection operations to all affected
city managers in Southern California.
· Currently, Task Force
information personnel field approximately 450 calls per week from the
public. This is a twenty-fold increase from the number of calls from early
October 2002. In Area Command alone, Task Force public information
personnel handle an average of 50 media calls per week.
· The Task
Force's public information staff, in cooperation with LPA in Riverdale, is
preparing two new documents for distribution: the revised END brochure
(which has been updated to include new information and photographs) and
the END pest alert fact sheet. Delivery is anticipated within the next
· The Task Force information staff provides daily
updates to approximately 35 media outlets in California.
* The following link is to the State of Arizona's END
Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost
certain impact on APHIS.