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Emergency Management Warning 34:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Laboratory
confirmation for END was received today, February 4, 2003, for samples
that were taken from a backyard flock in the State of Arizona. All birds
on the infected premises in Arizona have been depopulated. Clinical signs
in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of
California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal
government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to
develop a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the
already extensive surveillance underway in California and Nevada.
Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 3, 2003)
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has also
declared an extraordinary emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have
begun surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and have
established a Task Force in Nevada.
Number of premises positive: 7
(no change from 2/3 report)
Number of contact premises: 89 (up 5
from 2/3 report)
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 2/3
Number of premises depopulated: 89
to be depopulated: 7
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, February 3, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Number of premises positive: 483 (up 10
from 2/3 report)
Number of contact premises: 1,038 (up 14 from 2/3
Number of premises released: 28 (no change from 2/3
Number of premises depopulated: 1,382
waiting to be depopulated: 167
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Orange,
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
• Of the 96
premises in Nevada designated for depopulation, 92.7% have been
• Of the 1,549 premises in California designated for
depopulation, 89.2% have been completed.
• Samples taken from
backyard birds from the State of Arizona came back positive for END. The
sequencing identical to the END virus being found in California and
• The infected premises in Arizona has already been
• A short Incident Command Team has been dispatched
and is working on surveillance in Arizona to assess the situation in
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal
quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds
and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San
Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Clark and a portion of Nye County, NV.
• The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency
for the States of California and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to
apply federal authority within California and Nevada.
commercial premises are currently under investigation. Samples have been
submitted for diagnostic testing. Virus isolation is pending.
Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify
affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities
that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock
tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and
order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically
• Veterinary officials from Mexico are observing Task
Force surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and disinfection operations
in California and Nevada through the end of this
information staff has nine public meetings scheduled between January 30,
2003 and March 10, 2003. This is exclusive of meetings scheduled with bird
clubs and other industry associations. Today, Task Force information
personnel are holding a public meeting and information session for the
Bloomington Advisory Counsel in San Bernardino County, CA.
Nations in the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada have been
contacted by APHIS representatives and have been updated about the END
situation. Continued outreach information is being supplied on a
• Task Force information personnel coordinated
plans for the distribution of outreach materials and information in the
State of Arizona.
• Task Force information personnel prepared and
distributed PowerPoint presentations and program documents to the Las
Vegas Incident Command Post. Information personnel also reviewed and
drafted responses for two letters from the public regarding Task Force
• The Task Force information staff implemented a new
referred system for action items from the Joint Information Center's phone
bank in the South Coast and Inland-Desert Incident Command Posts.
Task force public information personnel are communicating daily
information on Task Force surveillance, depopulation, and cleaning and
disinfection operations to all affected city managers in Southern
• Currently, Task Force information personnel field
approximately 450 calls per week from the public. This is a twenty-fold
increase from the number of calls from early October 2002.
Force public information personnel are designing a door-hanger/information
envelope for use by field crews at individual residences in affected
• The Task Force's request to establish a contract with a
public relations firm for radio, direct mailing, print advertisement, and
other specific minority outreach activities was submitted to the
• The Task Force's public information staff, in cooperation
with LPA in Riverdale, is preparing two new documents for distribution:
The revised END brochure (which has been updated to include new
information and photographs) and the END pest alert fact sheet. Delivery
is anticipated within the next three weeks.
• On a daily basis, the
Task Force information staff provides media updates to approximately 35
media outlets in California. In Area Command alone, Task Force public
information personnel handle an average of 50 media calls per week.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.