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Emergency Management Warning 31:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working
rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of California and
Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel,
and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet
the labor demands. APHIS is continuing to develop a plan for national END
surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive surveillance
underway in California and Nevada.
Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 29, 2003
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Los Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has also
declared an extraordinary emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have
begun surveillance efforts of the backyard population and have established
a Task Force in Nevada.
Number of premises positive: 7 (no change
from 1/29 report)
Number of contact premises: 63 (up 1 from 1/29
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/29
Number of premises depopulated: 64
to be depopulated: 6
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
California Situation (as of 5:00 pm PST, January 29, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of California Department of
Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts
to control the END outbreak in southern California. USDA has instituted a
federal quarantine zone that serves as a buffer around the END-affected
area in Southern California. The department has also declared an
extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources and authorities to
the eradication campaign for END in Southern California.
premises positive: 437 (up 4 from 1/29 report)
Number of contact
premises: 988 (no change from 1/29 report)
Number of premises
released: 32 (up 1 from 1/29 report)
Number of premises
Premises waiting to be depopulated:
Birds depopulated to date: 1,628,253
positive flocks: Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San
Diego, and Ventura.
the 70 premises in Nevada designated for depopulation, 91.4% have been
• Of the 1,457 premises in California designated for
depopulation, 87.4% have been completed.
• Effective January 7,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and
Ventura Counties, CA.
• Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a
federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species
of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County,
• The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an
extraordinary emergency for the States of California and Nevada. These
declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within California and
• Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
• Once affected premises are identified and
birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned
and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for
safe disposal of affected birds and materials.
• Task Force
personnel, in close collaboration with the California State Highway
Patrol, are exploring the possibility of establishing inspection stations
on Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and
voluntary compliance issues.
• CDFA, Division of Fairs and
Expositions has issued an official recommendation that the California
Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all poultry shows for the
2003 fairs season.
Tribal Nations in the States of Arizona, California, and Nevada have been
contacted by APHIS representatives and have been updated about the END
situation. Continued outreach information is being supplied on a
• Task Force personnel conducted a public meeting
in Riverside County, CA, that was facilitated by local city officials.
Approximately 100 local residents attended. In connection with program
activities in Riverside County, information personnel held a briefing for
Congressman Ken Calvert. According to field representatives, the
Congressman fully supports END program activities.
• Task Force
public relations personnel are in close contact with various city
officials and regularly distribute information on Task Force activities in
affected communities. Recent additions to the public relations staff have
provided an opportunity to work in direct contact with officials in high
• Task Force personnel are working to prepare
information and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement.
Public relations staff is working with representatives of California's
Department of Transportation and the California State Highway
Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on