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Emergency Management Warning 30:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working
rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of California and
Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel,
and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet
the labor demands.
Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 28, 2003)
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in
Number of premises positive: 7 (no change from 1/28
Number of contact premises: 62 (up 9 from 1/28
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/28
Number of premises depopulated: 53
to be depopulated: 16
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 28, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Number of premises positive: 433 (up 4 from
Number of contact premises: 988 (up 1 from 1/28
Number of premises released: 31 (no change from 1/28
Number of premises depopulated: 1,236
waiting to be depopulated: 216
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Orange,
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
· Of the 69
premises in Nevada designated for depopulation, 76.8% have been
· Of the 1,452 premises in California designated for
depopulation, 85.1% have been completed.
· Effective January 7,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and
Ventura Counties, CA.
· Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a
federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species
of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County,
· The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an
extraordinary emergency for the States of California and Nevada. These
declarations allow USDA to apply federal authority within California and
· Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
· Once affected premises are identified and
birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned
and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for
safe disposal of affected birds and materials.
· Task Force personnel conducted a public
meeting in Riverside County, CA, that was facilitated by local city
officials. Approximately 100 local residents attended. In connection with
program activities in Riverside County, information personnel held a
briefing for Congressman Ken Calvert. According to field representatives,
the Congressman fully supports END program activities.
· Task Force
public relations personnel are in close contact with various city
officials and regularly distribute information on Task Force activities in
affected communities. Recent additions to the public relations staff have
provided an opportunity to work in direct contact with officials in high
· Task Force personnel are working to prepare
information and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement.
Public relations staff is working with representatives of California's
Department of Transportation and the California State Highway
Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on