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Emergency Management Warning 29:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working
rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of California and
Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel,
and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet
the labor demands.
Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 27, 2003)
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in
Number of premises positive: 7 (up 1 from 1/27
Number of contact premises: 53 (up 9 from 1/27
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/27
Number of premises depopulated: 46
to be depopulated: 14
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 27, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
instituted a federal quarantine zone that serves as a buffer around the
END-affected area in Southern California. The department has also declared
an extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources and authorities
to the eradication campaign for END in Southern California.
of premises positive: 429 (up 12 from 1/27 report)
contact premises: 987 (down 3 from 1/27 report)
Number of premises
released: 31 (up 16 from 1/27 report)
Number of premises
Premises waiting to be depopulated:
Birds depopulated to date: 1,564,316
positive flocks: Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San
Diego, and Ventura.
the 60 premises in Nevada designated for depopulation, 76.6% have been
• Of the 1,447 premises in California designated for
depopulation, 83.2% have been completed.
• Effective January 7,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and
Ventura Counties, CA.
• Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a
federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species
of birds and poultry products from Clark and a portion of Nye County,
• USDA has declared an extraordinary emergency for the States
of California and Nevada. These declarations allow USDA to apply federal
authority within California and Nevada.
• Task Force personnel are
conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises.
Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell birds
continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests positive,
officials will quarantine the premises immediately and order the
destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically possible.
Once affected premises are identified and birds humanely depopulated,
affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Landfills,
composting, and rendering are being used for safe disposal of affected
birds and materials.
• Task Force personnel
conducted a public meeting in Riverside County, CA, that was facilitated
by local city officials. Approximately 100 local residents attended. In
connection with program activities in Riverside County, information
personnel held a briefing for Congressman Ken Calvert. According to field
representatives, the Congressman fully supports END program
• Task Force public relations personnel are in close
contact with various city officials and regularly distribute information
on Task Force activities in affected communities. Recent additions to the
public relations staff have provided an opportunity to work in direct
contact with officials in high risk cities.
• Task Force personnel
are working to prepare information and outreach materials concerning
quarantine enforcement. Public relations staff is working with
representatives of California's Department of Transportation and the
California State Highway
Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on