USDA | MRP
Return to Home
Emergency Management Warning 28:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working
rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of California and
Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel,
and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet
the labor demands.
Nevada Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 26, 2003)
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard population and have established a Task Force in
Number of premises positive: 6 (up 3 from 1/24
Number of contact premises: 44 (up 22 from 1/24
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/24
Number of premises depopulated: 31
to be depopulated: 19
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Clark
The following link
is to the State of Nevada's END website. http://www.agri.state.nv.us/END.htm
California Situation (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 26, 2003)
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Number of premises positive: 417 (up 18
from 1/24 report)
Number of contact premises: 990 (up 84 from 1/24
Number of premises released: 15 (up 7 from 1/24
Number of premises depopulated: 1,154
waiting to be depopulated: 268
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside,
San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura.
• Of the 50 premises in Nevada designated for
depopulation, 62.0% have been completed.
• Of the 1,422 premises in
California designated for depopulation, 81.2% have been
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal
quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds
and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San
Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA.
Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Clark County and a portion of Nye County, NV.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary
emergency for the States of California and Nevada. These declarations
allow USDA to apply federal authority within California and
• Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected
areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises
immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is
• Once affected premises are identified and
birds humanely depopulated, affected areas are being thoroughly cleaned
and disinfected. Landfills, composting, and rendering are being used for
safe disposal of affected birds and materials.
• Task Force
personnel, in close collaboration with the California State Highway
Patrol, are exploring the possibility of establishing inspection stations
on Interstate 5. Personnel are also discussing border control and
voluntary compliance issues.
• CDFA, Division of Fairs and
Expositions has issued an official recommendation that the California
Fairs Boards adopt a local policy to suspend all poultry shows for the
2003 fairs season.
Task Force personnel conducted a public meeting in Riverside County, CA,
that was facilitated by local city officials. Approximately 100 local
residents attended. In connection with program activities in Riverside
County, information personnel held a briefing for Congressman Ken Calvert.
According to field representatives, the Congressman fully supports END
• Task Force public relations personnel are in
close contact with various city officials and regularly distribute
information on Task Force activities in affected communities. Recent
additions to the public relations staff have provided an opportunity to
work in direct contact with officials in high risk cities.
Force personnel are working to prepare information and outreach materials
concerning quarantine enforcement. Public relations staff is working with
representatives of California's Department of Transportation and the
California State Highway
Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on