USDA | MRP
Return to Home
Emergency Management Warning 27:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also
confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in
infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs.
Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and
all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working
rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of California and
Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel,
and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet
the labor demands.
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in
Nevada. The affected backyard flock has been
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
Number of premises positive: 3 (up 2 from 1/23
Number of contact premises: 22 (no change from 1/23
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/23
Number of premises depopulated: 16
to be depopulated: 9
Birds depopulated to date: 349
with positive flocks: Clark
Operational Update (as of 5:00
p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):
• Of the 25 premises
designated for depopulation, 64.0% have been completed.
• The U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency.
This declaration allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State
• The U.S. Forest Service has an Incident Management
Team in place in Las Vegas, NV, and is standing up and supporting the Task
• Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
ongoing.Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23,
• The State of Nevada had a press conference January 16,
2003, to announce the END situation in Nevada.
• APHIS has staffed
the Task Force with a Public Affairs Specialist to conduct an outreach
program to inform the public about END and how to avoid infection. A
hotline has been established to accept calls from the general public
reporting sick birds and to answer questions about the disease.
The following link is the State of Nevada's press release regarding
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m.
PST, January 23, 2003):
Number of premises positive: 399
(up 3 from 1/23 report)
Number of contact premises: 906 (up 3 from
Number of premises released: 8 (no change from 1/23
Number of premises depopulated: 1,065
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 248
Birds depopulated to
date: 1,391,084 (approximate)
Counties with positive flocks: Los
Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
• Of the 1,313 premises designated for
depopulation, 81.1% have been completed.
• Sequencing results have
confirmed a new infected commercial premises in Riverside County,
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine
that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an
extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply
federal authority within the State of California.
Governor Gray Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the
END outbreak in California. The emergency declaration will enable State
agencies to pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing
the response to the incident.
• APHIS is developing a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enable the already extensive
surveillance underway in California and Nevada.
• Task Force
personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify affected
premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell
birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests
positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and order the
destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically
Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
• The Task Force has formally established a
Joint Information Center to continue to facilitate public outreach
• Task Force personnel are working to prepare information
and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement. The Public
Relations Staff is working with representatives of California's Department
of Transportation and the State Highway Patrol.
• The Task Force is
intensifying its already significant community outreach and communications
efforts to better inform the public about END and how to avoid infection.
A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach. Public meetings
are held regularly. The Task Force is planning two community meetings for
next week focused on feed stores. Bilingual personnel will be
• Task Force personnel held a public meeting and
information session with the largest regional game bird association in the
area. Personnel distributed information and offered a multimedia
presentation on the disease. This was the third such meeting with game
bird groups. A fourth meeting is planned.
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with
potential impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing
incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.