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Emergency Management Warning 27:

Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States

Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect six commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor demands.

Nevada Situation

END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in Nevada. The affected backyard flock has been depopulated.

Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):

Number of premises positive: 3 (up 2 from 1/23 report)

Number of contact premises: 22 (no change from 1/23 report)

Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/23 report)

Number of premises depopulated: 16

Premises waiting to be depopulated: 9

Birds depopulated to date: 349

Counties with positive flocks: Clark

Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):

Of the 25 premises designated for depopulation, 64.0% have been completed.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency. This declaration allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of Nevada.

The U.S. Forest Service has an Incident Management Team in place in Las Vegas, NV, and is standing up and supporting the Task Force.

Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing.Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):

The State of Nevada had a press conference January 16, 2003, to announce the END situation in Nevada.

APHIS has staffed the Task Force with a Public Affairs Specialist to conduct an outreach program to inform the public about END and how to avoid infection. A hotline has been established to accept calls from the general public reporting sick birds and to answer questions about the disease.

The following link is the State of Nevada's press release regarding END. http://www.agri.state.nv.us/ENDPR.pdf

California Situation

Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California. The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END in Southern California.

Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):

Number of premises positive: 399 (up 3 from 1/23 report)

Number of contact premises: 906 (up 3 from 1/23 report)


Number of premises released: 8 (no change from 1/23 report)

Number of premises depopulated: 1,065


Premises waiting to be depopulated: 248

Birds depopulated to date: 1,391,084 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura.

Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2002):

Of the 1,313 premises designated for depopulation, 81.1% have been completed.

Sequencing results have confirmed a new infected commercial premises in Riverside County, CA.

Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of California.

California Governor Gray Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the END outbreak in California. The emergency declaration will enable State agencies to pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing the response to the incident.

APHIS is developing a plan for national END surveillance. This plan will enable the already extensive surveillance underway in California and Nevada.

Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing. Entities that sell birds continue to be monitored in affected areas. If a flock tests positive, officials will quarantine the premises immediately and order the destruction of the flock as soon as it is logistically possible.

Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 23, 2003):

The Task Force has formally established a Joint Information Center to continue to facilitate public outreach efforts.

Task Force personnel are working to prepare information and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement. The Public Relations Staff is working with representatives of California's Department of Transportation and the State Highway Patrol.

The Task Force is intensifying its already significant community outreach and communications efforts to better inform the public about END and how to avoid infection. A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach. Public meetings are held regularly. The Task Force is planning two community meetings for next week focused on feed stores. Bilingual personnel will be present.

Task Force personnel held a public meeting and information session with the largest regional game bird association in the area. Personnel distributed information and offered a multimedia presentation on the disease. This was the third such meeting with game bird groups. A fourth meeting is planned.

Definitions


Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS.
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS.

  Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.
For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email emoc@usda.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture