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Emergency Management Warning 25:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
five commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was
also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs
in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Force in the States of
California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal
government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands.
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and
portions of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in
Nevada. The affected backyard flock has been
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
Number of premises positive: 1 (no change from
Number of contact premises: 8 (up 7 from 1/21
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/21
Number of premises depopulated: 6
to be depopulated: 3
Birds depopulated to date: 133
with positive flocks: Clark
Operational Update (as of 5:00
p.m. PST, January 21, 2003):
• Of the 9 premises
designated for depopulation, 66.7% have been completed.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all
of Clark County and a portion of Nye County, NV. The State has a
quarantine of the same region.
• The U.S. Department of Agriculture
(USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary
emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of
• Task Force personnel are conducting a door-to-door
campaign to identify affected premises. Epidemiological investigations are
Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 21,
• The State of Nevada had a press conference
January 16, 2003, to announce the END situation in Nevada.
has staffed the Task Force with a Public Affairs Specialist to conduct an
outreach program to inform the public about END and how to avoid
infection. A hotline has been established to accept calls from the general
public reporting sick birds and answer questions about the disease.
The following link is to the State of Nevada's press release regarding
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m.
PST, January 21, 2003):
Number of premises positive: 393
(up 3 from 1/21 report)
Number of contact premises: 902 (up 5 from
Number of premises released: 8 (no change from 1/21
Number of premises depopulated: 984
to be depopulated: 319
Birds depopulated to date:
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside,
San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura.
(as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 21, 2003):
• Of the 1,303
premises designated for depopulation, 75.5% have been completed.
Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an
extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply
federal authority within the State of California.
Governor Gray Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the
END outbreak in California. The emergency declaration will enable State
agencies to pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing
the response to the incident.
• APHIS is developing a plan for
national END surveillance. This plan will enhance the already extensive
surveillance underway in California and Nevada.Outreach Activities (as of
5:00 p.m. PST, January 21, 2003):
• Task Force personnel are
working to prepare information and outreach materials concerning
quarantine enforcement. The Public Relations Staff is working with
representatives of California's Department of Transportation and the State
• The California and Nevada Incident Command posts
are coordinating all media and public relations activities.
Task Force is intensifying its already significant community outreach and
communications efforts to better inform the public about END and how to
avoid infection. A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach.
Public meetings are held regularly. The Task Force is planning two
community meetings for next week focused on feed stores. Bilingual
personnel will be present.
• Information will be posted on APHIS'
web page notifying bird owners of the quarantine policy. The Task Force
hotline is staffed by a Veterinary Medical Officer who is prepared to
answer questions from bird owners about the quarantine.
Force personnel held a public meeting and information session with the
largest regional game bird association in the area. Personnel distributed
information and offered a multimedia presentation on the disease. This was
the third such meeting with game bird groups. A fourth meeting is
• Task Force public relations personnel are in close
contact with various city officials in affected communities. They
regularly distribute information on Task Force
Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS.
Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost
certain impact on APHIS.