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Emergency Management Warning 24:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
five commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was
also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs
in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
sings. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal
government personnel, and is working with the States to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands.
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in
Nevada. The affected backyard flock has been
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
Number of premies positive: 1 (no change from
Number of contact premises: 1 (no change from 1/17
Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/17
Number of premises depopulated: 2
to be depopulated: 0
Birds depopulated to date: 97
with positive flocks: Clark
Operational Update (as of 5:00
p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):
• Of the 2 premises
designated for depopulation, 100% have been completed.
January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all
of Clark County and portions of Nye County, NV. The State has a quarantine
of the same region.
• The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has
declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows
USDA to apply federal authority within the State of Nevada.Outreach
Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):
• The State of
Nevada had a press conference January 16, 2003, to announce the END
situation in Nevada.
• APHIS has staffed the Nevada Task Force with
a Public Affairs Specialist to conduct an outreach program to inform the
public about END and how to avoid infection. Many of the materials already
prepared for Southern California audiences are applicable in Nevada.
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m.
PST, January 20, 2003):
Number of premises positive: 390
(up 32 from 1/17 report)
Number of contact premises: 897 (up 19
from 1/17 report)
Number of premises released: 8 (up 4 from 1/17
Number of premises depopulated: 981
to be depopulated: 314
Birds depopulated to date: 1,085,196
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles,
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January
• Of the 1,295 premises designated for
depopulation, 75.8% have been completed.
• Effective January 7,
2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate
movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and
Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an extraordinary emergency. The
extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the
State of California.
• California Governor Gray Davis declared a
State of emergency in the fight against the END outbreak in California.
The emergency declaration will enable State agencies to pool resources and
work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing the response to the
incident.Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20,
• Task Force personnel are working to prepare information
and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement. The Public
Relations Staff is working with representatives from California's
Department of Transportation and the California State Highway
• The California and Nevada Incident Command posts are
coordinating all media and public relation activities.
• The Task
Force is intensifying its already significant community outreach and
communication efforts to better inform the public about END and how to
avoid infection. A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach.
Public meetings are held regularly. The Task Force is planning two
community meetings for next week focused on feed stores. Bilingual
personnel will be present.
• Information will be posted on APHIS'
web page notifying bird owners of the quarantine policy. The Task Force
hotline is staffed by a Veterinary Medical Officer who is prepared to
answer questions from bird owners about the quarantine.
week, Task Force personnel held a public meeting and information session
with the largest regional game bird association in the area. Personnel
distributed information and offered a multimedia presentation on the
disease. This was the third such meeting with game bird groups. A fourth
meeting is planned.
• Task Force public relations personnel are in
close contact with various city officials in affected communities. They
regularly distribute information on Task Force activities.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS