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Emergency Management Warning 24:

Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States

Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect five commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal sings. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal government personnel, and is working with the States to consider additional resources to meet the labor demands.

Nevada Situation

END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal and State quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts of the backyard bird population and have established a Task Force in Nevada. The affected backyard flock has been depopulated.

Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

Number of premies positive: 1 (no change from 1/17 report)

Number of contact premises: 1 (no change from 1/17 report)

Number of premises released: 0 (no change from 1/17 report)

Number of premises depopulated: 2

Premises waiting to be depopulated: 0

Birds depopulated to date: 97

Counties with positive flocks: Clark

Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

Of the 2 premises designated for depopulation, 100% have been completed.

Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from all of Clark County and portions of Nye County, NV. The State has a quarantine of the same region.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of Nevada.Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

The State of Nevada had a press conference January 16, 2003, to announce the END situation in Nevada.

APHIS has staffed the Nevada Task Force with a Public Affairs Specialist to conduct an outreach program to inform the public about END and how to avoid infection. Many of the materials already prepared for Southern California audiences are applicable in Nevada.

California Situation

Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California. The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END in Southern California.

Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

Number of premises positive: 390 (up 32 from 1/17 report)

Number of contact premises: 897 (up 19 from 1/17 report)

Number of premises released: 8 (up 4 from 1/17 report)

Number of premises depopulated: 981

Premises waiting to be depopulated: 314

Birds depopulated to date: 1,085,196 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura.

Operational Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

Of the 1,295 premises designated for depopulation, 75.8% have been completed.

Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of California.

California Governor Gray Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the END outbreak in California. The emergency declaration will enable State agencies to pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing the response to the incident.Outreach Activities (as of 5:00 p.m. PST, January 20, 2003):

Task Force personnel are working to prepare information and outreach materials concerning quarantine enforcement. The Public Relations Staff is working with representatives from California's Department of Transportation and the California State Highway Patrol.

The California and Nevada Incident Command posts are coordinating all media and public relation activities.

The Task Force is intensifying its already significant community outreach and communication efforts to better inform the public about END and how to avoid infection. A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach. Public meetings are held regularly. The Task Force is planning two community meetings for next week focused on feed stores. Bilingual personnel will be present.

Information will be posted on APHIS' web page notifying bird owners of the quarantine policy. The Task Force hotline is staffed by a Veterinary Medical Officer who is prepared to answer questions from bird owners about the quarantine.

Last week, Task Force personnel held a public meeting and information session with the largest regional game bird association in the area. Personnel distributed information and offered a multimedia presentation on the disease. This was the third such meeting with game bird groups. A fourth meeting is planned.

Task Force public relations personnel are in close contact with various city officials in affected communities. They regularly distribute information on Task Force activities.

Definitions

Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS

  Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.
For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email emoc@usda.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture