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Emergency Management Warning 23:
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in the United States
Exotic Newcastle disease (END) was confirmed on October 1, 2002, in the
State of California, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect
five commercial operations in California. On January 16, 2003, END was
also confirmed in a backyard flock in the State of Nevada. Clinical signs
in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal
signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are
on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services
is working rapidly to expand staff on the Task Forces in the States of
California and Nevada and is exploring all options to send Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel, other federal
government personnel, and is working with the states to consider
additional resources to meet the labor demands.
END has been confirmed in a backyard flock in Las Vegas, NV. Federal
and state quarantines have been established for all of Clark County and a
portion of Nye County, NV. APHIS has also declared an extraordinary
emergency. APHIS and the State of Nevada have begun surveillance efforts
of the backyard bird population and have begun efforts to establish a Task
Force in Nevada. The affected backyard flock is being
Situation Update (as of 11:00 a.m. EST,
January 17, 2003):
Number of premises positive:
Number of contacts: 1
Number of premises depopulated:
Premises waiting to be depopulated: 2
Update (as of 11:00 a.m. EST, January 17, 2003):
· Of the
2 premises designated for depopulation, 0% have been completed.
Effective January 17, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from all of Clark County and portions of Nye County, NV. The
state has a quarantine of the same region.
· The U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency. The
extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the
State of Nevada.
· The Forest Service has an Incident Management
Team in place in Las Vegas, NV, working on standing up and staffing the
Outreach Activities (as of 11:00 a.m. EST, January 17,
· The State of Nevada had a press conference
January 16, 2003, to announce the END situation in Nevada.
will be staffing the Task Force with a Public Affairs Specialist to
conduct an outreach program to inform the public about END and how to
Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
and APHIS continue to work closely on efforts to control the END outbreak
in Southern California. USDA has instituted a federal quarantine zone that
serves as a buffer around the END-affected area in Southern California.
The department has also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide
additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign for END
in Southern California.
Situation Update (as of 5:00 p.m. PST,
January 16, 2003):
Number of premises positive: 358 (up 5 from 1/16
Number of dangerous contacts: 878 (up 15 from 1/16
Number of premises released: 4 (no change from 1/16
Number of premises depopulated: 878
to be depopulated: 358
Birds depopulated to date: 734,138
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego, and Ventura.
Operational Update (as of 11:00
a.m. EST, January 17, 2003):
· Of the 1,240 premises
designated for depopulation, 70.8% have been completed.
January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the
interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry products from
Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa
Barbara, and Ventura Counties, CA. USDA has declared an extraordinary
emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal
authority within the State of California.
· California Governor
Gray Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the END
outbreak in California. The emergency declaration will enable State
agencies to pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing
the response to the incident.
Outreach Activities (as of
5:00 p.m. PST, January 16, 2003):
· The Task Force is
intensifying its already significant community outreach and communications
efforts to better inform the public about END and how to avoid infection.
A contractor has been hired to work to improve outreach. Public meetings
are held regularly.
· The only telephone number that will now
appear on public handouts and information materials is 1-800-491-1899.
Directing calls to this single number will facilitate public
communications and Task Force responsiveness.
· An 800 number has
been established to answer commercial permitting questions. The number is
1-800-601-9327. This number will be manned Monday through Friday from 8:00
a.m. to 8:00 p.m., and on Saturdays from 11:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Information will be posted on APHIS' web page notifying bird owners of the
quarantine policy. The Task Force hotline is staffed by a Veterinary
Medical Officer who is prepared to answer questions from bird owners about
· Earlier in the week, Task Force personnel held a
public meeting and information session with the largest regional game bird
association in the area. Personnel distributed information and offered a
multimedia presentation on the disease. This was the third such meeting
with game bird groups. A fourth meeting is planned.
· Task Force
public relations personnel are in close contact with various city
officials in affected communities. They regularly distribute information
on Task Force
Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost
certain impact on APHIS