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January 10, 2003
Emergency Management Warning
Exotic Newcastle Disease Confirmed in California
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has instituted an additional
quarantine zone to serve as a buffer around the END-affected area in
Southern California. The department has also declared an emergency to
provide additional resources and authorities to the eradication campaign
for exotic Newcastle disease (END) in Southern California. Officials with
the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the Animal
and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) continue to work closely on
The disease was confirmed on October 1, 2002, and
has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect three commercial
operations. Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous,
and gastrointestinal signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds.
Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation.
Veterinary Services (VS) is working to rapidly expand staff on the Task
Force. Over the next three months, VS expects to deploy 100 people per
week to the Task Force for three-week rotations, and is canceling meetings
and training to meet the personnel demands.
update (From California's 5:00 p.m. PST, January 9, 2003,
Number of premises positive (clinical and
contacts): 1,168 (up 8 from 1/9 report)
Number of premises
Premises waiting to be depopulated:
Birds depopulated to date: 150,921
Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles,
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and
Operational Update (as of 12:00 p.m. EST, January
• Of the 1,168 premises designated for
depopulation, 60.4% have been completed.
• The National Veterinary
Services Laboratories has confirmed that sequencing on samples from a
backyard premises in Ventura County, CA, was identical to the virus found
in other END infected premises in California. This premises is the first
confirmed premises in Ventura County.
• California Governor Gray
Davis declared a State of emergency in the fight against the END outbreak
in California. The emergency declaration will enable State agencies to
pool resources and work cooperatively with CDFA in addressing the response
to the incident.
• Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a
federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of all species
of birds and poultry products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange,
Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties,
CA. USDA has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary
emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of
• Three commercial flocks have been confirmed with END
in Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties, CA. The three
operations housed approximately 1.2 million birds. Depopulation of these
birds has already begun.
• VS has worked with the U.S. Postal
Service to affirm that poultry will not be able to move out of the
quarantined areas through the mail.
• State and animal health
officials are conducting door-to-door surveys to identify fowl and other
birds in the affected areas and are following up on epidemiological
• To date, depopulation, cleaning and disinfecting,
and carcass disposal are being conducted by CDFA and APHIS.
has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions within the State
• Affected and exposed poultry are being euthanized
and double-bagged. Task Force members are disinfecting the bags and
transporting the carcasses to restricted landfills for burials.
Local commercial table egg layer birds and spent-hen movements have been
halted within the quarantined areas.
New Trade Issues:
• Nothing new to report.
Emergency Management Issue is for
information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an
ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS
Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS
California END Hotline 800-491-1899
Operations Center, call
For Media inquiries,
To contact APHIS Veterinary Services'
Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Food and Agriculture