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January 10, 2003
Emergency Management Warning 16:

Newcastle Disease Confirmed in California

USDA has instituted an additional quarantine zone to serve as a buffer
around the END-affected area in Southern California. The department has
also declared an extraordinary emergency to provide additional resources
and authorities to the eradication campaign for Exotic Newcastle Disease in Southern California. Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) continue to work closely on these efforts.

The disease was confirmed on October 1, 2002, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect three commercial operations. Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services (VS) is working to rapidly expand staff on the Task Force.

Over the next three months, VS expects to deploy 100 people per week to
the Task Force for three-week rotations, and is canceling meetings and
training to meet the personnel demands.


Situation Update (From California's 5:00 p.m. PST, January 7, 2003, report):

Number of premises positive (clinical and contacts): 1,154 (up 8 from 1/7 report)

Number of premises depopulated: 678

Premises waiting to be depopulated: 476

Birds depopulated to date: 148,865 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego

Operational Update (as of 12:00 p.m. EST, January 8, 2003):

Effective January 7, 2003, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that
regulates the interstate movement of all species of birds and poultry
products from Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, Santa Barbara,
San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura Counties, CA. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared an extraordinary emergency. The extraordinary emergency allows USDA to apply federal authority within the State of California.

Three commercial flocks have been confirmed with Newcastle disease in Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties, CA. The three
operations housed approximately 1.2 million birds. Depopulation of
these birds has already begun.

Veterinary Services has worked with the U.S. Postal Service to affirm that poultry will not be able to move out of the quarantined areas through the mail.

State and animal health officials are conducting door-to-door surveys to identify fowl and other birds in the affected areas and are following up on epidemiological associations.

To date, depopulation, cleaning and disinfecting, and carcass disposal are being conducted by CDFA and APHIS.

CDFA has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions within the State of California.

Affected and exposed poultry are being euthanized and double-bagged. Task Force members are disinfecting the bags and transporting the carcasses to restricted landfills for burial.

Local commercial table egg layer birds and spent-hen movement have
been halted within the quarantined areas.

Trade Issues:

Argentina has banned poultry, eggs, and related products from the
entire United States.

Azerbaijan has banned poultry and poultry products from the
quarantined areas in the State of California.

Bulgaria has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

Canada has banned all poultry, poultry products, and eggs from the
State of California.

China has banned all live poultry and hatching eggs from the entire
United States.

Colombia has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire
United States.

The European Union has banned live poultry and hatching eggs, live
ratites and hatching eggs, fresh poultry meat, fresh meat and farmed or wild game birds, and fresh ratite meat from the entire United States.

Grenada has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire
United States.

Guatemala has banned poultry and poultry products from the
quarantined areas in the State of California.

Hungary has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

Indonesia has banned poultry and poultry products from a 50 kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Iran has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Japan has banned poultry products from a 50 kilometer radius of
the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Jordan has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United
States.

Korea has banned poultry meat, live poultry, day-old chicks, hatching eggs, and edible eggs from a 10 kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Latvia has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Lithuania has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Mauritius has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Mexico has banned all poultry and poultry products form the State of
California.

Morocco has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

New Caledonia has banned poultry and poultry products from the
quarantined areas in the State of California.

Philippines has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

Romania has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

Russia has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of
California.

Saudi Arabia has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Switzerland has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Taiwan has banned poultry and poultry products and dry pet food containing poultry from the State of California. Poultry and poultry products transiting the State of California are allowed to be imported into Taiwan.

Thailand has banned feed ingredients and/or complete feed containing poultry products/by-products from the State of California.

Uruguay has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire
United States.

Western Samoa has banned poultry and poultry products from a 40 mile radius from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Definitions
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS
Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS

 

Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.

For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

California Emergency Operations Center, call
562-795-1940

For Media inquiries, call
562-795-1940

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email emoc@usda.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture