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January 7, 2003
Emergency Management Warning 15

Newcastle Disease Confirmed in California


Officials with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are conducting an eradication campaign for Newcastle disease. The disease was confirmed on October 1, 2002, and has now spread beyond backyard flocks to affect three commercial operations. Clinical signs in infected birds include respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal signs. Mortality is up to 90% of exposed birds. Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation. Veterinary Services (VS) is working to rapidly expand staff on the Task Force. Over the next three months, VS expects to deploy 100 people per week to the Task Force for three-week rotations, and is canceling meetings and training to meet the personnel demands.

Situation Update:

Investigations are on-going and all figures are pending final validation.

Number of premises positive (clinical and contacts): 1,146 (up 10 from 1/6)

Number of premises depopulated:  637
Premises waiting to be depopulated:   509
Birds depopulated to date:   146,296 (approximate)

Counties with positive flocks:  Los Angeles
    Riverside
    San Bernardino
    San Diego

Operational Update:

Three commercial flocks have been confirmed with Newcastle disease in Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties, CA. The three operations housed approximately 1.2 million birds. Depopulation of these birds has already begun.

The California State Veterinarian has imposed a quarantine (Food and Agriculture Code Section 9562) on the following counties:

All of Los Angeles County;
All of Orange County;
Portions of Riverside County;
Portions of San Bernardino County; and
All of San Diego County.

Effective November 21, 2002, APHIS imposed a federal quarantine that regulates the interstate movement of poultry and poultry products from Los Angeles, portions of Riverside, and portions of San Bernardino Counties, CA.

Poultry species affected by California's quarantine are:

Chickens
Turkeys
Ducks
Geese
Partridges
Pheasants
Quails
Guinea Fowl
Pea Fowl (Peacocks)
Doves
Pigeons
Swans
Ratites
Ratite Eggs

Veterinary Services has worked with the U.S. Postal Service to affirm that poultry will not be able to move out of the quarantined areas through the mail.

State and animal health officials are conducting door-to-door surveys to identify fowl and other birds in the affected areas and are following up on epidemiological associations.

To date, depopulation, cleaning and disinfecting, and carcass disposal are being conducted by CDFA and APHIS.

CDFA has closed all poultry exhibits and fairs and expositions within the State of California.

Affected and exposed poultry are being euthanized and do uble-bagged. Task Force members are disinfecting the bags and transporting the carcasses to restricted landfills for burial.

All door-to-door surveillance, along with interviews has established that there have been no links to eastern States within the United States and no exposure to other poultry in other States.

Local commercial table egg layer birds are being closely monitored and will only be allowed to move intrastate under CDFA monitoring and spent-hen movement restricted to the day they are scheduled for processing.

Trade Issues:

Argentina has banned poultry, eggs, and related products from the entire United States.

Azerbaijan has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Bulgaria has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Canada has banned all poultry, poultry products, and eggs from the State of California.

China has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Colombia has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

The European Union has banned live poultry and hatching eggs, live ratites and hatching eggs, fresh poultry meat, fresh meat and farmed or wild game birds, and fresh ratite meat from the entire United States.

Grenada has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Guam has banned live poultry from the Mainland United States. Table and hatching eggs are allowed to be imported into Guam.

Guatemala has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Hungary has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Indonesia has banned poultry and poultry products from a 50 kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Iran has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Japan has banned poultry products from a 50 kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Jordan has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Korea has banned poultry meat, live poultry, day-old chicks, hatching eggs, and edible eggs from a 10-kilometer radius of the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Latvia has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Lithuania has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Mauritius has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Morocco has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

New Caledonia has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Philippines has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Romania has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Saudi Arabia has banned poultry and poultry products from the State of California.

Switzerland has banned poultry and poultry products from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Taiwan has banned poultry and poultry products and dry pet food containing poultry from the State of California. Poultry and poultry products transiting the State of California are allowed to be imported into Taiwan.

Thailand has banned the importation of any feed ingredients and/or complete feed, which contain any part of poultry products/by-products that originated in the State of California.

Uruguay has banned poultry and poultry products from the entire United States.

Western Samoa has banned poultry and poultry products from a 40 mile radius from the quarantined areas in the State of California.

Definitions
Emergency Management Issue is for information with no impact on APHIS

Emergency Management Notice is an ongoing incident with potential impact on APHIS

Emergency Management Warning is an ongoing incident with almost certain impact on APHIS

 

Photo of chickens behind a wire fence.

For More Information

California END Hotline 800-491-1899

California Emergency Operations Center, call
562-795-1940

For Media inquiries, call
562-795-1940

To contact APHIS Veterinary Services' Emergency Program Staff, call 301-734-8073, 800-940-6524 or email emoc@usda.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture